Industrialization was creating even more towns, increasing this problem. So in order to feed his industrial workforce Stalin needed to revolutionize agriculture. He achieved this through forced grain seizure and the prosecution of kulaks and forcing peasants to work together in ‘collectives’. By doing so he was able to secure extra grain to feed the growing urban population of workers and sell the surplus to gain foreign currencies for purchasing foreign machineries. Though collectivisation may have had short term boosts to the economy but the effects of collectivisation were disastrous.
Importing and exporting goods and supplies was banned quickly once people realized the pestilence was spread by these trade men. Since there was nowhere to get supplies from, cities had to provide for themselves. With the scarce amount of goods on hand, and the high demand for them, prices skyrocketed. Most of the workers were dead; those who weren’t, charged up to five times what they had before the plague. As the workers’ wages outpaced the prices of goods, the workers began to become rich and skilled in what they did.
In Poltava and Kharkov provinces, mass impoverishment of the peasants, which was exacerbated by the poor harvests of 1901 led to 40,000 peasants took part in an uprising where they also ransacked 150 landlord properties. The barricade between the peasants and landlords strengthened in the years of the Red cockerel 1903-4 where peasants set fire to landlord barns. This peasant unrest was supplemented by the fact that the price of grain increased due to hyper during the Russo-Japanese war in 1904 due and the wages of peasants failed to increase with it therefore many peasants were left to starve and were angered hence more likely to revolt. It was evident that introducing new policies which would avoid bad harvests thus preventing mass starvation would oppress opposition. Also, there was a need to lower the price of grain to make it affordable to impoverished peasants as they were most likely to revolt.
On top of there being a scarcity of resources, the people of France were subject to also having to pay high costs for grain, a staple food in France. All of this was enough to start the fire that would come to known as the French Revolution. Though the nobility were technically the first to revolt with the
Food in early modern Europe was more than mere sustenance, but also an indicator, and a result, of social position and circumstance. The foods one ate were determined not simply by personal preference, as today, but by one’s wealth and prestige, one’s activities, and the pressure of one’s peers and society in general. Even a lack of food had social consequences; famines changed social dynamics and relations along with individual fortunes. Scarcity of food in early modern Europe was a quite common occurrence. Famines were frequent and numerous, particularly during the first half of the fourteenth century.
Ireland became so dependent on the white potato that when a potato blight raved the crops, Ireland experienced widespread famine. Europe experienced the most benefit from the exchange of foods and crops during this time; old world crops such as sugar, coffee, soybeans, oranges, and bananas could be cultivated in new world climates which fueled the demand for these crops . This increased the available supply of food and significantly dropped the prices, allowing the general population access leading to the adoption of new foods in all parts of the world. Perhaps the most beneficial crop discovery in the new world was the
This situation caused a large emigration of people from Europe, the first frame in the image of America as the land of opportunity. In Europe, the lower classes faced the effects of overpopulation, “a crowded society, where every place, is over-stocked.” In comparison, Document 6 continues on to say, “there is room for everybody in America.” (Document 6) Overpopulation in Europe caused a shortage of land and an excess unskilled labor force left jobless. According to (Document 2), there was indeed economic opportunity for the aforementioned jobless “poor people.” of all kinds. (Document 4) Wage rates in the American colonies were “three times” as high as in England and Wales, suggestion of all the colonies offered great opportunities for poor men and women. “So not only was there promise of economic opportunity, but also a sense of economic equality.” Abundant land encouraged settlement; and the need for people to work land encouraged people to marry early, and have large families.
Food, Society and Culture Critical Socio-cultural analyse on food consumption and how the society is affected. Renato Castro BA (Hons) Hospitality and Business Management Food, Society and Culture 1.0 INTRODUCTION The intended of this essay is to critically analysis a range of key socio-cultural that influences and can affects the consumption of food also demonstrate the understandings of this effect on general society. Understanding the determinants key aspects of the human food choice and what can influence these decisions become part essential of this essay and we will follow the determinants above for that: Biological (hunger, appetite, and taste), Economic (cost and income), Physical (access, education, skills and time), Social (class, culture, and social context), Psychological (mood, stress and guilt) and Attitudes, beliefs and knowledge about food. Based on the triangle theory mentioned on Warren Belasco book Food- the key concepts (Belasco 2008) people make the decision what to eat based in a kind of negotiation where identity (personal preference, creativity, the idea of who and where you are), convenience (price, availability and time related to energy, labor and skills) and less guided from responsibility (conscientious consumers) influence the importance of food in society in general. Finding some of the key determinants of the human food choice and analyses the social behavior related to this key determinants are the main question of this essay; showing at the conclusion results of the socio-cultural food interaction with society.
There was a great unrest in France, caused by the harvests, high prices, high taxes, and disturbing questions raised by the Enlightenment Ideas. Peasants formed the largest within the Third Estate, more than 80% of France’s 26 million people. Peasants paid about half their income to the nobles, the Church, and taxes to the king’s agents. They even paid taxes on such basic living supplies as salt. The heavily taxed and discontented Third Estate
The high fat of the meat is important as the authors argue that the selling of mutton flaps to the peoples of the Pacific Islands “involves political, ethical, and health issues of important to us all (Errington and Gewertz, 1). Whenever the “other” (non White) is involved in the less than admirable aspects of food production or trade, it is usually in the role of underprivileged farm workers or illegal immigrants (Errington and Gewertz, 2). This is one of the areas where mutton flap production and consumption differs from that of other higher quality cuts of meat. Mutton flaps are produced on regulated farms by (White) Australians and New Zealanders, where the working conditions are sensible (Errington and Gewertz, 4). After the mutton flaps are processed, however, they are sent away to be consumed by the (Brown) people of the Pacific Islands (Errington and Gewertz).