Due to the correctional officers not being properly trained on how to breach a prisoner’s cell and properly extract the unruly inmate may be considered a violation of the inmate’s rights. Had the correctional officers been trained properly when it came to subduing the inmate he may have not received the injuries that caused him to be put into a comatose state. With any local, state and federal agency liability is the utmost of importance due to the impact that it has on the agency. When referring to the correctional facility in this scenario the supervisor usually knows who has experience and who does not out of his staff. The supervisor did not plan or intend for the inmate to be knocked out and to later end up in a coma, because he was more or less genuinely interested in the inmates safety at the time he was beating himself up in his cell.
The findings cannot be generalised globally to other cultures and races as the study only involved American, black and white inmates. Harer and Steffenmeier’s study also used secondary data which poses no ethical issues but may be unreliable and outdated. Further limitations of this model were put forward by McCorkle et al who claim that The Importation Model fails to highlight suggestions on how to control violent offenders, or how to reduce prison cruelty. Moreover, this model predicts that previous gang members also increase levels of institutional violence. However, DeLisi et al studied over 800 male inmates and found no correlation between gang membership and institutional violence.
In the Stanford Prison Experiment and the events with occurred at Abu Ghraib, the guards weren’t trained to be guards of any sort. The guards weren’t given set of rules to of how to detain the prisoners; therefore, they were to be creative in regards of doing their job effectively. In both situations, the guards resorted to sadistic and inhumane forms of torture to keep the prisoners in place. The guards didn’t have any history of psychological problems or violence prior, but it’s shocking what type of measures the guards went to because of their environment and power trip. For the prisoners, they became depressed, psychologically distraught, dehumanized, and powerless.
Although the analytic theory is the only one with vindication on the matter, there is very little support found in objective scientific investigations on many components of this theory (Jensen, 1996). Over-generalizations can be extremely misleading and are not fair towards the people who are being victimized. Psychoanalytic studies on homosexuality, which pre-date the 1950’s, used patients who needed treatment for a wide range of symptoms or who were brought to treatment prisons or mental hospitals (Jensen, 1996). This research is extremely biased and does not represent the general population of homosexuals. For this reason, the results gathered from these experiments are not valid and do not support the claim
Box (1981) however feels that Cohen’s theory is only plausible for a small amount of delinquents. As not all working class males aspire the middle class norms and values, many actually choose to follow the working class values. Another problem with Cohen’s Theory is that he assumes that all working class males have the ability to achieve the middle class norms and values. Which is not the case. Both of these reasons could show that perhaps Cohen’s theory is not that useful for explaining subcultural crime and deviance in society today, as he has failed to take
Another debate that could arise from this point is that the study was ethnocentric whereby the subjects were all males from East London so we cannot apply this research to other regions in England which means the study is misrepresentative. Reductionism is the way psychologists often explain complex phenomena’s by reducing it to a much simpler level often focusing on a single factor which could reduce the validity. Farrington et al. conducted a longitudinal study of
There are also disadvantages with this program. Because the program was reconstructed in 1992 using different methods, data is not able to be compared accurately (ICPSR). Another disadvantage is it only measures crimes that are considered personal or property related, it does not measure business, or commercial crimes and it does not report crimes on individuals under 12 years old. Personal crimes include crimes such as rape and sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault, while property crimes consist of such crimes as burglary, theft, motor vehicle theft, and vandalism. Classification also presents difficulties.
And I think I found that some of that had to do with the kinds of classifications that we also used, as people who research, thought about, and even organized against prisons. and the ways in which we use statistics, to do a lot of our work. So when Cassandra Scott was telling us--she asked us to use her name--she didn't fit in, she was also not a number, that she didn't matter. She was not a part of a group that counted at all, because it was not proportionately important. I think that while we're hearing about how devastating the prison situation is in the US and elsewhere, when we're talking about the numbers of people incarcerated, and we're talking about the numbers of African American men incarcerated, it does not mean we should be interested LESS in women.
Weekly Position Paper #1 Equality in the Justice System Although many researchers have found biological reasoning toward many serial killings, it is no reason to justify serial killers’ acts and harm onto society. It is believed that many serial killers are perceived to have a mental disorder of some kind, causing them to enact in murders without feeling any guilt or concern over their actions. Jack Pemment’s “What Would We Find Wrong in the Brain of a Serial Killer?” depicts the mental disorders: Atisocial Personailty Disorder (APD), Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), Narcisstic Personality Disorder (NPD) and schizophrenia in the order from most recognized to least. All four have the common characteristic that serial killers are biologically affected mentally, which affects their lack of emotional reaction or empathy as far as their knowing of good from bad, right from wrong. Researchers and scientists have diagnosed four types of symptoms and their characteristics, but just because many serial
Responsible conduct is not encouraged; we do not trust our prisoners to act responsibly. Their conduct in prison is judged by whether they have obeyed prison rules, not whether they are capable of navigating in the outside world. Because U.S. laws inhibit and discourage prison industries, relatively few convicts work productively while behind bars. In the federal and many state systems, determinate sentences release prisoners on a set date whether they are ready for the free world outside or not. After release, ex-cons are denied food stamps, welfare benefits, public housing, student loans and most jobs, and they are perceived as poor marriage, employment, housing and business prospects.