Discuss the Need for Cdss in the Health Sector. Essay

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INTRODUCTION The work of healthcare professionals and physicians is largely a work of making decisions and solving problems. It is a work of choosing issues that require attention, setting goals, finding or designing suitable courses of action and evaluating and choosing among alternative actions. They must choose from and interpret a huge variety of clinical data, while facing pressure to decrease uncertainty, risks to patients and costs. The true essence of healthcare delivery is decision making - what information to gather, which tests to order, how to interpret and integrate this information into diagnostic hypotheses and what treatments to administer. For these reasons there’s the need for Clinical decision support system (CDSS) to support the physicians in making right clinical decisions. Defining Clinical decision support system (CDSS) Clinical decision support system (CDSS) provides clinicians, staff, patients or other individuals with knowledge and person-specific information, intelligently filtered or presented at appropriate times, to enhance health and health care. [1] CDSS encompasses a variety of tools to enhance decision-making in the clinical workflow. These tools include computerized alerts and reminders to care providers and patients; clinical guidelines; condition-specific order sets; focused patient data reports and summaries; documentation templates; diagnostic support, and contextually relevant reference information, among other tools. This paper will discuss the need for CDSS in the health sector particularly on clinical tasks. CDSS can provide support to clinicians at various stages in the care process, from preventive care through diagnosis and treatment to monitoring and follow-up. EFFECTIVENESS OF CLINICAL DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS Diagnostic assistance Based on the patient’s data and the system’s knowledge base, CDSS can

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