Discuss the Main Behaviourist Principles and How These Can Be Related to Mal-Adaptive Behaviourr Essay

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------------------------------------------------- Chrysalis ------------------------------------------------- Diploma in Psychotherapeutic Counselling ------------------------------------------------- Year Two – Module Two Word Count: 2278 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Essay Title: 1) Discuss the main behaviourists principles and how these can be related to maladaptive behaviour. Make any necessary assumptions about the nature of the ‘maladaptive behaviour’ 2) Compare and contrast the behavioural approach with the psychoanalytical approach. Demonstrate your knowledge of the psychoanalytical position. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- During this essay I will firstly demonstrate a knowledge of the behaviourists principles by way of showing the research I have done, give my own examples and those of historic behaviourists. I will then explain, in my understanding how maladaptive behaviours can relate to them including my own assumptions of how maladaptive behaviour can play out given my working experience. I will then demonstrate my knowledge of the Psychoanalytical approach and attempt to use my findings to compare the behavioural and psychoanalytical approach. ‘Behaviourism is an approach to psychology that combines elements of philosophy, methodology and theory. In the early 20th century and as a reaction to ‘mentalist’ psychology which often had difficulty making predictions that could be tested using rigorously with experiments.’ (1) The main belief of behaviourism is that we should be observing the behaviour of humans and animals in reaction to stimulus. The main theory is that our behaviour is born as a result of a stimulus. This meaning, our behaviour is a result of something happening around us in our

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