The adult cognitive development theory originated with Robert Kegan in 1982. The attachment theory was first developed by John Bowlby and then later added to by Mary Ainsworth. Both of these theories try to explain how we become socially mature. The theories discussed will offer insight towards different aspects of social maturity. Robert Kegan was born on 1946; the Harvard psychologist first described his theory on social maturity in his 1982 book, The Evolving Self.
Include the following: • Explain how families affect the development of infants and young children. • Evaluate different parenting styles and their influence on development during infancy and early childhood. Include which parenting style you feel is most effective and why. • Discuss early childhood education and its influence on cognitive development. • Include at least two references.
What is the general purpose of the study? What questions does it raise? This study centers on the concern that children, biological parents, and guardians involved in foster care visitations are inadequately prepared. The Familyconnect tool was designed to enrich visitation amongst foster children and their biological parents, as well improve the relationship between foster and biological parents. This study evaluates the effectiveness of the Familyconnect tool.
PSY 375 Week 2 DQs 1 , 2 PSY 375 Week 3 Learning Team Assignment Middle Childhood and Adolescence Development Paper Learning Team Assignment Middle Childhood and Adolescence Development Paper • Prepare a 1,500- to 1,700-word paper in which you address adolescence and how this stage affects development. Include where appropriate the positive and/or negative consequences of developmental choices during this time period. • Address the following items: • Describe changes in peer relationships in middle childhood and adolescence. • Examine aspects of adolescent egocentrism. • Analyze pressures often faced in adolescence, such as peer pressure, substance use and abuse, dating, sexuality, and changes within family relationships.
Social Competence: Childhood to Adolescence Social competence is defined as “the ability to achieve personal goals in social interaction while simultaneously maintaining positive relationships with others over time and across situations” (Rubin & Rose-Krasnor, 1992). It does not typically emerge fully until a later age meaning immaturity is often displayed by young children, but they also have the capability to display maturity. Maturity or immaturity can be observed through specific characteristics such as emotional regulation, perspective taking, distributive justice, displaying of empathy, communicating with peers, social problem solving, prosocial behavior, and gender-role stereotyping from an early age and serve as indicators for adolescent social competence. Summary Emotional Regulation One characteristic of a socially competent adolescent is the capability for emotional regulation. Emotional regulation is when a person utilizes strategies “to adjust the intensity or duration of [their] emotional reactions to a comfortable level so [they] can accomplish goals” (Berk, 2009, p. 407).
If secured the child will receive ample attention and have basic needs met. However, if unsecured may result in an impaired social and emotional development (Peterson, 2004). In attempts to distinguish between the associated attachment behaviours observed in infant-caregiver interaction, Mary Ainsworth patented the strange situation test; subsequent findings resulted in three categories of infant attachment style; A: insecure avoidant, B: secure and C: insecure resistant (Ainsworth, et al. 1978). This model was later applied to adult romantic relationships and adapted to form theories of adult
The pinnacle point of this essay will be to explore children’s experiences of family life and show what it is like for different types of families such as lone parents and step families. In addition, this essay will look at the ideas which shape the constructs of childhood in considering what role the family play in shaping a child’s experiences. Before childhood and the family at present can be examined, it is important to recognise when childhood was discovered and began. Before the 1600’s children were seen as miniature adults, and it is only through time and change of society that childhood has been recognised as a separate stage of life and development. The Aries thesis is studied as the discovery of childhood.
Freud’s work is considered important because he showed that childhood experiences and relationships significantly influence the development of personality in later life, (Beaver et al 2002). Freud’s theory was psychoanalysis and he believed that the personality comprised of three parts the Id, the Ego and the Superego. Freud developed a stage theory; these stages are called psychosexual and are linked to the physical pleasures associated with each stage. Freud argued that psychological health as an adult depended on how each of these stages is dealt with, and whether or not optimum gratification is gained from each stage. Freud believed that unsuccessful completion of any of these stages leads to a child becoming fixated
Running heading: MORAL DEVELOPMENT IN ADOLESCENCE How Moral Development is Shaped in Early Childhood Through the Adolescent Stages in Life Abstract Moral development refers to the alterations in a person’s sense of justice and what an individual perceives as right and wrong and how they behave related to moral issues. An individual’s moral development is reflective of their personal environment and life experiences in formative years of childhood and adolescence. One important factor is adolescence is the foundation for adulthood, can experiences in throughout childhood and adolescences influence adult morals. Introduction Human Behavior in the Social Environment is largely what social work and human services are grounded in. As a practitioner it is vital to be aware of the stages of development throughout the human life course in order to be competent in our work.
All the stages involve the fulfillment of libidinal desires that play significant roles in adulthood. In instances where a child fails to successfully complete the stages or a given stage, they are likely to develop a fascination that later on influences adult personality and behavior. Another theory on childhood development is the Cognitive theory put forward by Jean Piaget, which suggests that children reflect things differently than