Rutter investigated the effects of privation in Romanian orphans who had been brought to the UK after being raised in very poor institutions, having suffered extreme privation. Rutter found that from the children adopted from 6-12 months of age, 40% showed continuing mental deficits and impaired brain development. Deficits included autistic-like symptoms including a lack of guilt and inability to develop relationships. A follow up study showed at the age of 11 that while the orphan’s physical development had caught up quickly compared to the control group of UK adopted children, brain size caught up more slowly and while continuing improvement was still being shown, marked adverse cognitive effects were still present, suggesting that the consequences of privation aren’t completely irreversible. Interestingly in the Rutter study those who were adopted before the age of 6 months tended to show a more marked improvement compared to their older counterparts.
It came back a year later that only 60% of these children that were treated were successful, while the rest failed, but it is stated that this medication is not for everyone and does have severe side effects. Some of the side effects are that of more sleep for the medicated, where as the unmediated can get less sleep. With Ritalin a child can become more depressed, but the pro would be the ability to focus more in school. In my personal opinion, you can medicate a child to death, but you need to understand the cause of the behavioral problem, before you can remove the cause. Just proving a child with medicine but not really knowing for what is not the answer.
As they sated that day care was the only reason for increased aggression in children and didn't taken into account environmental factors, previous experiences etc. One other weakness of Violata an Russell' meta-analysis is that some of the studies that were analysed were over 10 years old, therefore may not be relevant to today as day care techniques, methods and training has changed a lot. One observation completed by Clarke-Stewart et al (1994) deemed the effects of day care on a child's social development positive, in terms of there are no negative effects. Clarke-Stewart's found that those who spent 30 hours a week in day care were no more distressed than those who didn't. They also found that children who were in day care, were more sociable and interactive with other people, therefore showing positive signs on the children's social development.
The impairment is not usually what is disabling, but the environmental and attitudinal barriers are. People have the tendency to believe that because you are disabled, you are not able to do anything for yourself, live a full, normal life and hold a job. The characters in Geek Love strongly go against these assumptions. Starting off with the parents, they knew what it meant to be different. To be different to them meant to be special.
Melhuish (93) suggested that where variations in stable attachment occur, they are usually associated with the form of parenting such as divorce. Main and Cassidy (88) did research into stable attachment types by using a reunion test by which they analyse the reunion of child and parent after an hour of separation. Main and Cassidy observed this on 6 years whose attachment styles had been categorised when they were 1.They found that most of the children( 78% ) had the same attachment that they had when they were younger however in some cases the style changed but mostly because of major changes in
Genetic Explanation of Depression Research on the heredity of depression within families shows that some individuals are more likely than others to develop the disorder. If you have a parent or sibling with depression, you may be 1.5 to 3 times more likely to develop the condition than those who do not. This suggests there may be some kind of genetic influence. Gershon 1990 studied 10 families, and found rates of MDD in first degree relative ranged between 7-20%, which i considerably higher than the rest of the population. Weisman 1984 also found that relatives of people diagnosed with depression before the age of 20 had 8x greater chance of being diagnosed with it.
Foster Children and the Struggles Faced Within LIFE IN FOSTER CARE 10/16/2012 When the economy is low, the foster care system sees a rise in abandoned, neglected, and abused children adding more than the normal amount of cases. “In 2011 there were 401,100 children in foster care” (Child Trends, 2012). These children depend upon the people that work within the system to help and provide them with guidance and security. Foster children usually receive their basic needs while in the system, but older children tend to experience more difficulties than younger children do in foster care. He or she is likely to end up in trouble with the law than their peers without the proper support (Cowan, 2004, p. 1008).
Section 504 does not have such the stringent policy that IDEA has, allowing for more individuals to be covered. Section 504 also makes sure that the individual is covered throughout his/her life. IDEA only covers in the ages between 3-21 years (idonline.org). For many, the laws and rules of IDEA are not perfect but they do offer protection for special learners from being institutionalized because schools and society couldn’t handle them. Special learners are entitled to an education just like the general
According to a medico health solution analysis of customer data, the use of behavioral medication for children topped all the areas of drugs in 2003. America might be a developed country but there are only a seven thousand of children psychiatric hospitals and a small number of specialized doctors for those cases. Most of the diagnosis are made by teachers of schools or unspecialized doctors after strange behavior at schools. Because of this unprofessional attitude, kids are prescribed medication with long-term side effect that can even lead to overmedication or worst, death. Unfortunately, parents are also responsible of their children