Discuss The Difference Between Inculpatory And Exc

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Week #3 Discussion Question Discuss the difference between inculpatory and exculpatory evidence and the role each plays in the juvenile court intake process. Inculpatory evidence evidence shows a person's involvement in an act. Evidence which tends to show a person's innocence is considered exculpatory evidence. In many countries such as the United States, police or prosecutor are not required to disclose to the defendant any exculpatory evidence they possess before the defendant makes a plea (guilty or not guilty). [2] Per the Brady v. Maryland decision, prosecutors have a duty to disclose exculpatory evidence even if not requested. Though it is true that the prosecution is not required to search for exculpatory evidence and must only disclose the evidence it has in its possession, custody or control, the prosecution's duty to disclose includes all information known to all members of its team, e.g., police, investigators, crime lab, etc. In Brady v. Maryland, the U.S. Supreme Court held that such a requirement follows from constitutional due process and is consistent with the prosecutor's duty to seek justice. A victim is murdered by stabbing and an accused person is arrested for the murder. Evidence includes a knife covered with blood near the victim and the accused found covered in blood at the murder scene by the police. During the investigation, the police interview a witness claiming to have watched the stabbing occur. The witness makes a statement to the police claiming the stabbing was by another unknown person, not the accused. The witness's statement is exculpatory evidence, since it could introduce reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the accused. The police believe the witness's account is not true or the witness is unreliable and choose to not follow up on the lead. The prosecutor is obliged to inform the accused and their attorney of the witness

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