The passage, 2c-3, explains in detail, what Socrates is charged for. It simply comes down to the competition of what the government wants younger men to know and what old wise men want the younger men to know. As Socrates and Euthyphro continue discussing, page 4 – d, I find that it’s OK to be laughed at as long as you do not teach your own ways to make people like yourself. Socrates feels that he is accused for making others like him because he wants to teach.
In Plato’s The Republic, there exists a struggle between the characters of Socrates and Thrasymachus to find the correct definition of what justice is. Thrasymachus, being a Sophist, expressed his views on justice in a manner of rash sequences whereby Socrates closely followed behind with his own counter-arguments. These counter-arguments effectively exposed weaknesses in Thrasymachus’s argument for justice, and further crippled it entirely. By outlining and explaining Thrasymachus’s views on justice, I will argue two things; first that the weakness in his argument comes from only himself in abandoning his method. Secondly, that justice may be our deep-rooted understanding and ability to identify good from evil.
Validity in the Charges of Impiety against Socrates Impiety is commonly defined as a lack of proper concern for the obligations owed to public religious observation. Plato’s Apology consists of a speech made by Socrates, a well-known philosopher, in defense of his life and conduct at his trail. Socrates was accused of being impious through accusations such as corrupting the youth of Athens, not recognizing the gods that are recognized by the state, as well as inventing new deities. The question then becomes, with these accusations in mind, are the charges of impiety against Socrates valid? This question is not easy to answer, and is in fact, quite complex.
Around 400 BC Plato, one of Socrates greatest admirers, wrote a dialog of the speech Socrates makes at the trial where he was accused of not recognizing the gods that the state recognized, and for corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates is brought before a jury to defend his case and uses the method of cross-examination to prove his argument. Throughout the duration of the trial, Socrates uses concrete evidence and his distinctive logical to prove to his accusers that he is innocent. Instead, Socrates establishes a strong argument for his claim that he is essentially one of the most positive influences on the youth while recognizing that the gods do exist. Before Socrates went to trial to prove his innocence, in addition to already believing he was the wisest in all of Athens, he confirmed his assumption by asking the oracle.
Socrates- Greek philosopher whose indefatigable search for ethical knowledge challenged conventional mores and led to his trial and execution on charges of impiety and corrupting the youth. Although Socrates wrote nothing, his method of question and answer is captured in the dialogues of Plato, his greatest pupil. Peculiar-Strange or odd; unusual Countenance-Admit as acceptable or possible Hysterectomy-A surgical operation to remove all or part of the uterus Circumscribed-Restrict
Phislosophy 231 Crito & Legal Obligation. Omar Alli 11/3/11 Socrates has been accused of corrupting the youth by Meletus and also creating new Gods, while not recognizing the old Gods. Socrates is eventually convicted of these crimes and sentenced to death. While at the state prison awaiting his execution, Socrates is approached by his friend Crito who has come in an attempt to convince Socrates to escape with him to avoid his execution. Crito puts forth many arguments to why Socrates should escape with him, however after engaging in a dialogue with Socrates, Socrates shoots down all of Crito's arguments.
Euthyphro The Socratic dialogue Euthyphro attempts to answer the question what is piety? Euthyphro claims to know what piety is while Socrates admits ignorance and wants to be educated on the matter because he is being charged with impiety. Euthyphro is charging his own father for murder, an impious action, and he is so confident this is the right thing because of knowledge of piety. This is how Socrates knows Euthyphro can teach him about piety because he does not just say he knows what it is he is acting on it, possibly sending his father to death. Socrates says “…before he could have seen his way to bring such an action”.
And still, some may also see the crime as just or unjust, and not everyone will have the same opinion about the matter (8). Socrates then restates his earlier question as to how Euthyphro can still prove that proceeding against his father could be seen as just in the eyes of all the gods (8). Because of these statements, it is much harder to tell if it would be at all possible to prove Euthyphro's side of things. Though it would seem that he is getting closer to proving his own beliefs since it is his job to prosecute the wrong-doer, Socrates still wants him to understand the morals behind his
Socrates, being the philosopher that he was, argued on whether he should escape or not. Socrates’ defense may seem fallible when compared to the “Apology,” yet his premises in “Crito” provide a solid ground on why he should not escape from prison while still holding true to the values set forth in the “Apology.” “…But violence against your mother or your father is considered an unholy act; and it is a far greater sin against your country (Crito 51c).” In Socartes’ parent analogy,
Reflections on Plato’s Crito Plato’s dialogues showcased Socrates love of truth and search for knowledge. Three of Plato's writings relating to the final part of Socrates life come from the earliest "Socratic" period: Euthyphro, the Apology, and the Crito. Euthyphro is a conversation between Socrates and Euthyphro about what makes something holy or unholy. Socrates stood charged with impiety--as Socrates prepared to enter the Royal Stoa to formally answer the charges brought against him by Meletus and other accusers (Jowette, 2011). The Apology is the summarized defense speech Socrates delivered before a jury of five hundred Athenian citizens.