Discuss Research Into Different Types Of Attachmen

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Discuss Research Into Different Types Of Attachment Mary Ainsworth did a study and designed an experiment to assess different types of attachment between infants and caregiver. Ainsworth did a “strange situation” study which involved observing children between the ages of 12 to 18 months responding to situation in which they were briefly left alone and then reunited with their mother. The experiment was a controlled observation done by using video cameras in a purpose built laboratory playroom. From the strange situation study they found both similarities and differences in the ways that infants behaved. In terms of similarities they noted that proximity-seeking and contact maintaining behaviour intensified during separation and when the stranger appeared whereas resisting and avoiding behaviours occurred rarely towards the caregiver prior to separation. In terms of differences they found and categorized it into three different types of attachment; secure attachment, insecure-avoidant attachment and insecure-resistant attachment. Secure attachment is when an infant has a strong contended bond with their caregiver. They show distress at separation but are easily comforted when reunited with their caregiver. They found that it was the most popular form of attachment and is related to healthy development as the infants use the caregiver as a secure base form to explore and to function independently in the future. On the other hand infants with an insecure-avoidant attachment types tend to avoid social interaction and intimacy with others. They show little response to separation and do not seek the proximity of their caregiver on reunion. These types of infants are happy to explore with or without the presence of their caregiver. They show high level of anxiousness as well as avoidant behaviour and may become angry when their attachment needs are not met. In
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