How does alcohol affect sleep? Alcohol is a depressant. While it may relax you and help you fall asleep, it also disrupts the normal sleep cycle. Alcohol reduces the time spent in REM sleep and the metabolism that clears it from your body when you are sleeping causes a withdrawal syndrome. This withdrawal causes awakenings and is often associated with nightmares and sweats.
An example of primary insomnia might be shift work insomnia where a person may well be attempting to sleep at times when their body clock tells them they should be awake. There are numerous subtypes of primary insomnia including; psychophysiological insomnia which is a form of anxiety-induced insomnia caused by a worry about getting a lack of sleep, idiopathic insomnia which is a lifelong sleeplessness and sleep state misinterpretation where people sleep adequately but feel they do not. Supporting evidence include Smith’s study where patients with insomnia were studies, as well as a control group of normal sleepers and they were studied for 3 nights with whole brain scans conducted on the third night. Patients with insomnia showed consistent and significant decreases in blood flow compared to good
| Sleep is one of the important dimensions toward health and wellness and not getting enough of it can have negative consequences. Sleep deprivation happens for many reasons; intentional and unintentional reasons. Often it is a sleeping disorder that causes the deprivation. Things like work, hobbies, television, or parties are activities people generally tend to put extra time towards, which could result in sleep deprivation. They are events we intentionally put forth time and effort even when it is cutting into our sleep time, though at times they are unintentionally overlapping into our sleeping.
AO1 Neural: The neural explanation of sleepwalking suggests that sleepwalking is caused by immaturity of neural circuits in the brain causing the brain to be in a different state than normal sleepers. This is demonstrated by Olivero who found that sleepwalking is more frequent in children because the inhibitory system is underdeveloped, so that insufficient quantities of GABA allow motor activity (GABA is released during in normal sleepers to prevent
If the abuse is particularly serious and they feel there no way out of it they may deal with it in more drastic ways like trying to take their own life. It may result in serious anxiety and depression which is going to stay with them for the rest of their lives. Major Long-Term Medical Symptoms of Physical Abuse may be insomnia. Insomnia is when someone has difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep. Insomnia is a common problem for people that suffer or have suffered from physical abuse.
Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS), interferes with normal activities on a daily basis, whether or not a person with narcolepsy has sufficient sleep at night. People with EDS often experience mental cloudiness, a lack of energy and concentration, memory lapses, a depressed mood, and possibly extreme exhaustion. Cataplexy consists of a sudden loss of muscle tone that leads to feelings of weakness and a loss of voluntary muscle control. It can cause symptoms ranging from slurred speech to total body collapse, depending on the muscles involved, and is often triggered by intense emotions such as surprise, laughter, or anger. Sleep Paralysis is the temporary inability to move or speak while falling asleep or waking up.
Functions of cognitive nature associated with critical thinking, learning and decision making are altogether linked to sufficient sleep. A large body of evidence substantiates the knowledge that deprivation of sleep can cause stress, psychiatric disorders, and dysfunctions such as learning disabilities as well as reduced work efficiency (Azad et al 2015). Conversely, enough sleep can result in a better life quality, social and physical health, performance as well as longevity. The population of medical students is among the populations that seem to be at high risk of sleep deprivation. This is ascribed to the fact that they are under constant pressure due to exams or at times in hospitals performing other duties.
“People with Generalized Anxiety Disorder report that the anxiety that they experience cause substantial interference with their lives and they need a significant dosage of medications to control their symptoms.” (Gerow and Chatmon 2013, p. 258). To try and help Mr. Hudson with his disorder I’m going to try two methods of treatment. The first method would be a psychoactive drug therapy. I will have him try an antianxiety drug called Equanil, a muscle relaxant for his extreme muscle tension. According to Gerow and Chatmon, “When muscular tension is reduced, a person usually reports feeling calm and at ease” (p. 281).
Cortisol is released when an individual is mentally stressed. Research has confirmed that cortisol can cause anxiety and depression, and contribute to higher chances of anxiety attacks. This hormone can have a powerful effect on your brain, anything that increases cortisol production or decreases cortisol reduction can cause anxiety. Increases of the hormone cortisol can cause chronic stress and chronic stress can damage an individual’s brain structure and connectivity. Also, chronic stress, depression and anxiety can cause lack of appetite, high blood pressure, decrease in muscle tissue, decreased bone density, lowered immunity and inflammatory responses in the body and slow would healing.
What is Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder in which you have one or more pauses in breathing while you sleep. Is a chronic disorder that affects your quality of sleep. Sleep apnea is one of the leading causes of daytime sleepiness increasing the risks of automobile accidents. Deprives you of a restorative sleep you need to be energetic and mentally sharp the next day. How you can help?