The Racial Hatred Act
The Racial Hatred Act, introduced in October 1995, is in place so that people can complain to the Australian Human Rights Commission about racially offensive or abusive behaviour. It aims to strike a balance between two valued rights: the right to communicate freely and the right to live free from vilification. The Act covers public acts which are done, in whole or in part, because of the race, colour, or national or ethnic origin of a person or group and reasonably likely in all the circumstances to offend, insult, humiliate or intimidate that person or group.
The Sex Discrimination Act
Australia has made good progress towards achieving gender equality in recent times. However, women still experience inequality and discrimination in many important parts of their lives. At work, women continue to face a gender pay gap and barriers to leadership roles. Many encounter reduced employment opportunities because of the time they give to family and caring responsibilities. Sexual harassment and gender-based violence also threaten women’s basic right to feel safe and respected at work, in public, in places of study and at home.
The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 gives effect to Australia’s international human rights obligations and promotes equality between women and men. The Act protects people from unfair treatment on the basis of their sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, intersex status, marital or relationship status, pregnancy and breastfeeding. It also protects workers with family responsibilities and makes sexual harassment against the law.
The Age Discrimination Act
The Age Discrimination Act aims to ensure that all Australians, young and old, and everyone in between are treated equally and have the same opportunities as others. The Age Discrimination Act makes it against the law to treat you unfairly because of your age in different areas of public life, such as work, education and buying goods and services. Negative...