Discourse In Animal Farm

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The discourse of power and control is evident in George Orwell’s novel ‘Animal Farm’, through the character representations of the pigs, in particular, the totalitarian dictator, Napoleon. The basic principle of the revolution, ‘all animals are equal’ is slowly transformed into ‘some animals are more equal than others’ through the strategies of Napoleon and the pigs in order to gain and maintain their power and control over the other animals. These strategies include establishing a power base, using terror and propaganda and living a life of luxury at the expense of others. However, strategies such as these would not be able to be implemented if it were not for the naivety and gullibility of the other animals. Orwell positions the reader to see the effects of a dictatorship especially how it can control a whole society. By establishing a power base, the pigs are able to manipulate the other animals in their rise to power. In the early stages of the revolution, Napoleon trains the puppies of Jessie and Bluebell to be at his command by removing them from life on the farm and ‘brainwashing’ them. When Snowball unveiled his plans for the windmill, Napoleon, “... uttered a high-pitched whimper... and nine enormous dogs wearing brass-studded collars came bounding into the barn” (Orwell 1945, p. 35). The enforcement of terror and force through the use of the dogs dramatically frightens the other animals. With the dogs as their enforcements, Napoleon and the pigs are able to convince the other animals that they are always right. When Squealer is sent to explain why Napoleon, now that Snowball was gone, claims the windmill as his own, “...the three dogs who happened to be with him growled so threateningly, that they [the other animals] accepted his explanation without further questions” (p.39). By seizing power by force, Napoleon annuls the other animals’ right to choose
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