Disadvantages Of Probiotics

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The word ‘probiotic’ means ‘for life’ and is derived from the Latin ‘pro’, which means ‘for’, and the Greek ‘biotikos’, which means ‘living’. Preidis and Versalovic (2009) defined probiotics are “live microorganisms, which, when consumed in requisite amounts, confer a health benefit on the host”. Probiotics are nonpathogenicorganisms (lactic acid bacteria) in foods that has a positive impact on the host’s health and modulate the GI tract (Babu et al 2009). Live microorganisms within foods or in the form of a supplement enhances the microbial balance of the intestinal tract. These are all gram positive, facultative bacteria that are normal inhabitants of the human colon and constitute a predominant part of the anaerobic flora. Fermented milk products such as yoghurt are the most common probiotic products (Santosa et al 2006). For use in foods, probiotic micro-organisms should not only be capable of surviving passage through the digestive tract but in addition have the capability to multiply in the gut (FAO/WHO 2001). Some of the examples of probiotic microorganisms include Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus reuteri, Bifidobacteria and certain…show more content…
Symptoms include abdominal distress like diarrhea, bloating, abdominal pain and flatulence. lactose intolerance can be treated with commercially available lactase (tablets) or with probiotics such as Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophiles. It has been observed that consumption of milk containing Bifidobacterium longum and L. acidophilus cause significantly less hydrogen production and flatulence. The combination of Lactobacillus caseishirota and Bifidobacterium breve (Yakult) has shown better effect and improved the symptoms of lactose intolerance significantly (Vonk et al.

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