Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution, the Role of the United Nations Essay

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INTRODUCTION Diplomacy as we all know is the art and practice of conducting international relations by negotiating alliances, treaties and agreements be it bilaterally or multilaterally, between states and sometimes between private or public international Organization, or even between policies with varying status, such as those of monarchs and their princely vassals. National diplomacy typically deploys its dexterity to secure advantage for one’s nation. Diplomacy is also a tact and subtle skill in dealing with people so as to avoid or settle hostility. Conflict is being seen as a clash or disagreement between two opposing groups or individuals which often result to violence. Conflicts are often triggered by misunderstanding between two opposing groups who are in dispute. These conflicts mostly do leave behind negative impacts and cause a lot of problems which last and leave a prolong mark on victims of these conflicts. Over the years, the world has searched for a permanent solution to conflicts or dispute with tendencies of escalating into violent conflicts. This brought about the issue of conflict prevention, peacemaking, peacemaking and peace enforcement. Conflict prevention involves diplomatic measures to keep intra-state or inter-state tensions and disputes from escalating into violent conflict. It includes early warning, information gathering and a careful analysis of the factors driving the conflict. In peace making, the use of measures to address conflicts in progress usually involves diplomatic actions to bring hostile parties to a negotiated agreement. The United Nations was established in 1945 "to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war" and one of its main purposes is to maintain international peace and security. Since it was establishment more than six decades ago, the United Nations has played a preeminent role in the peaceful

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