Unit 6 Understand child and young person’s development. 09.09.13 Review A child's development usually follows a known and predictable course. The acquisition of certain skills and abilities is often used to gauge such development. Children will reach milestones at certain ages throughout their development, if a child does not seem to be achieving these areas of development this may be a concern and an area that needs special attention. From birth to 19 years a child should achieve a number of significant development areas, these are determined by a sequence of development and the rate of development.
Teaching Assistant Level 3 Assignment 1 – L/601/1693 Understanding How Children and Young People Develop Student Name:- Terri Hall Student Number:- TEHAL2155 Question 1.1: Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth - 19years: There are six aspects of human development. These aspects are social, physical, intellectual, language, emotional and intellect. Children’s development is continuous and can be measured in a number of different ways. All stages of development happen over time but at different rates. Physical development:- This aspect of development usually progresses very quickly in a child’s life.
Most social intellectual and emotional change across the lifespan are described as development. At each life stage there are changes that take place in the human body. Infants and children in particular go through what are known as development norms or milestones. Developmental norms A norm is something that is expected, there are certain sequences and developments that are expected with respect to the physical and intellectual development. Although there are norms, it is important to remember that every child will develop in their own way.
Each area supports another rather than just one at a time. It is important to look at a child’s growth and development holistically as there are many factors that will affect the way the child’s brain develops from birth. This is known as brain wiring. The stages of development as a child grows are examples of the ‘normal’ milestones that children reach at a certain age. It is important to understand and remember that although children usually develop in the same sequence, the rate of their development can vary from child to child and will vary with regards to each child’s abilities, gender, race and needs.
Definitions: * Growth: Growth is the process of something developing mentally or physically, as well as, something increasing in physical size. It is a process of something increasing in size. For example: a child may show signs of physical growth as they get older, these may include; getting taller and bigger. As well as this, a baby may show signs of growth mentally as they mature into a toddler and begin to talk and walk. * Development: Development is the process of growth or progress.
1.1a Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years to include physical development: Physical development of children and young people can be often assumed that it will come automatically as they grow and mature. Some children grow and mature at different paste and this sometimes may cause some to behave differently. 0-3years This is a rapid development period where they have very little control of their movements. This is hinge on series of reflex which is needed to survive. In the first year they steadily starting to more control over their body such as rolling and crawling.
PSY 3200 Childhood Development Each of us develops partly like all other individuals, partly like some other individuals, and partly like no other individuals, most of the time our attention is directed to an individual’s uniqueness. But as humans, we have all traveled some common paths (Santrock 2011). Biological Processes Biological processes produce changes in an individual’s physical nature. Genes inherited from parents, the development of the brain, height and weight gains, changes in motor skills, nutrition, exercise, the hormonal changes of puberty, and cardiovascular decline are all examples of biological processes that affect development (Santrock, 2011). In early to late childhood we can begin with the most obvious of the
i.e. emotional reactions involve the whole body in babies but when the child is older these responses may only involve facial expressions. Milestones Milestones mark the achievement of certain mental and physical abilities such as walking or being able to form a sentence, and signal the end of one developmental period and the beginning of another. Researchers who have studied the accomplishment of many developmental tasks have determined the typical ages that are associated with each developmental milestone. However, they have also found that the time spans in which some milestones are achieved can vary, with some milestones being more variable than others Following is a general guide to how children develop within the following age ranges: 0-3 years 3-7 years 7-12 years 12-16 years 16-19 years Development – Ages
Understand Child and Young Person Development 1.1 EXPLAIN THE SEQUENCE AND RATE OF EACH ASPECT OF DEVELOPMENT OF CHILD FROM BIRTH TO 18 YEARS INTRODUCTION:- Child development refers to the biological and psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy. Because these developmental changes may be strongly influenced by genetic factors and events during prenatal life, genetics and prenatal development are usually included as part of the study of child development. Related terms include developmental psychology, referring to development throughout the lifespan, and pediatrics, the branch of medicine relating to the care of children. Developmental change may occur as a result of genetically-controlled processes known as maturation, or as a result of environmental factors and learning, but most commonly involves an interaction between the two. It may also occur as a result of human nature and our ability to learn from our environment.
A major debate in the field of child cognitive development is whether certain aspects of development are learned or innate. It is a continuation of the classic dispute between the nature vs nurture elements of development. The chapter and articles delve into this debate with visual and auditory perception in children and provides empirical evidence towards whether or not infants are born with the ability to detect and distinguish these perceptions. There is a large consensus that perceptual functioning in children reaches adult like levels fairly quickly during the first year of development Siegler (2005). Thus, recent research has focused on how early a child can detect and distinguish different perceptual stimuli to further our understanding