Differences Of The New England And Chesapeake Area

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In the mid 1600’s the New England and Chesapeake areas were just newly developing with the same hopes and goals for the New World. They all sought freedom from England, money, and power. These hopes and dreams became far distant from reality as they were faced with hardships such as Indians, diseases, undeveloped land, and different weather than England. Although these two areas started with the same goals in mind, religious, economic, and cultural differences created two distinct societies by 1700. The New England area was more religious than the Chesapeake causing differences to develop in the two societies. John Winthrop, a Massachusetts settler, wrote in his A Model of Christian Charity, that God has made distinctions in man, for example, one man being poor and another rich, but they should all rejoice together, mourn together, labor and suffer together, and so on. (Doc A) This created very close knit religious communities in New England focused on togetherness. Being unified under God created bigger unities and they were able to all live peaceful in larger towns rather than spread out on their own in the Chesapeake. The Articles of Agreement of Springfield Massachusetts (1636) focused mainly on God and that all men and families that have come deserve equal opportunity. (Doc D) This created a peaceful society under God. There was no fighting between settlers creating a unified society that had a great ability to reach their goals of freedom, money, and power. The Chesapeake had not as much faith and had only hopes of personal gain and goals creating a very alienated society. The New England and Chesapeake regions had very different economies that caused them to become two distinct societies. Captain John Smith from Virginia in 1624 wrote about how the men on his ship had great financial differences and did not have equal economic opportunity. He also talked
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