As being one of the earliest settlements of the new world, the Massachusetts Bay Colony, settled by Puritans, was to be a colony that many others would look at in either disgust, or idolization. In that, they wanted to not only find a new land to freely practice their religion, and purify their church, but they also wanted to create a pure community altogether to be the light of the New World in the eyes of others. These colonies in New England portrayed equality to great extent, as they wanted “everyone [to]
Not just the way they were settled made them different but also how their religious ways shaped them up. Virginia and Massachusetts both knew they had to have a strong economic settlement but their religious view also had a great impact that resulted differently in both systems. The Puritans which lived in Massachusetts; they believed that there was no need for excessive profits. Another problem Virginia had was that from the start they had problems with the Native Americans. Which was the complete opposite in the Massachusetts case because they learned it would be better if they got along with the natives.
American colonies were founded by groups of people who differed greatly in peoples own reasons for leaving England. The Chesapeake region was colonized by those seeking economic opportunity whereas the New England region was colonized by those seeking either to escape religious persecution or establish religious freedom. One would hardly expect these two very different groups to establish ways of life that were exactly the same. Moreover, the different geographies of the colonies only made the path that the colonies took more diverse. By 1750, the New England and Chesapeake colonies exhibited pronounced economic, social and political diversity due to both the differing motives for colonization and the differing geographies of the regions.
When the New England and the Chesapeake regions started to colonize more, they both had the same goals that they wanted to achieve with transferring over to the New World. They both wanted a growing and working economy that included a stable agriculture system that would lead to most success in their colony, at that time they didn’t know of the future and wanted to bring the best to England and help provide with their country. Different people from places in England settled over in different areas in the New World and the two different regions would change their characteristics and the way their social and economic structure would run. The characteristics of each region’s religion would change and have different effects on the local society. One of the bigger differences socially was the people that came to the colonies and the later effect that it evolved to with the future of their colony.
Colonists were confessing their guilt and sin and then wallowing in the thought of being “saved.” The Great Awakening increased religious diversity and the separation of church and state. Colonists started to believe that if they could make their own religious decisions, they could also make their own political decisions thus adding to democracy in the Americas. Immigrants came to the Americas for gold, God and glory without the realization they were adding to democracy in the colonies. Many immigrants settled in the middle colonies because farms were bigger and trade was better. Immigration also added to the development of slavery, Africans being captured and brought to the Americas by Europeans as either slaves or free labor servants would add to the American colonies fight for a more democratic society.
A big part of Washington’s Farewell address is Washington’s religious views and morals. He says of all the dispositions and habits, which lead to political prosperity, Religion and Morality are indispensable supports. Religion and morality lead to the peace in politics. Men who are completely opposites and can not agree on anything even have to respect another mans religious views. He believes that virtue or morality is a necessary part of a popular government.
Europeans began the colonization of America in the early 1600's. In the beginning they all came to escape from something in Europe, and while there were many various reasons for leaving, most were fleeing from religious persecution. The other main attraction was economic prosperity in a new world rich with resources, to either be sent back to Europe, or to simply use here and make a new life for themselves, better than that which they had back home. The English colonies of the Chesapeake and New England were similar in terms of who founded them ( English settlers), but the similarities pretty much stopped there when it came to reasons for settling, and once they had established themselves how their economies and societies were set up. They differed greatly in economic structure, religious beliefs, societal structure, and also population make-up.
Although the New England and Chesapeake regions were originally colonized by mainly English settlers, the two regions in time evolved into two distinct societies. By 1700, their religious practices, family relations, and political differences led them in two different directions. New England was a refuge for religious separatists leaving England, while people who immigrated to the Chesapeake region had no religious motives. In Document A, John Winthrop talks a lot about uniting together to basically please God, and spread his word. John Winthrop states that the Puritan goal was to form "a city upon a hill", which would represent a "pure" community, where Christianity could be pursued (Document A).
Puritan morals were the dominant beliefs of New England. They valued social equality and unity, for the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop expressed that the population of New England shall “be knit together in this work as one man… [and have] before [their] eyes [their] commission and community in the work… as members of the same body” (Doc A). Many travelers from New England traveled in familes (Doc B). This indicates that unity and community were highly stressed in New England; however the Chesapeake region absolutely disregarded those morals. The Chesapeake region did not focus on the practice of unity, such that the Puritans in New England valued strongly.
Kimberly George US History Before 1876 9/10/2013 Migration to the Americas is an important part of our history. Some people chose to come to this country others were forced to come. Many people chose to come to the New World for religious freedom. The governing powers of the Old World were forcing their beliefs upon the people and they could no longer take it. Another reason people came to the Americas was because they were looking for a better opportunity that what was offered in their homeland.