According to him human reason was the most important human quality. Men like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle believed that using your brain rather than using mythology to solve questions. Another major achievement of the Greeks was there government. Athens had a democratic
Roman and Han dynasties had different attitudes of technology even if they were both self glorifying. The Han focused more on the technology for the good of its people meanwhile Romans focused more on scientific and mathematic advancements, looking down upon the laboring tools-related inventions that were appreciated by the Hans. Overall they had different perspectives. The Han people had a respectful appreciation for technology and it's "benefits" (Doc 3) and "efficiency" (Doc 3). The Hans had discovered the benefits of technology from as early as “early second century B.C.E” (Doc 1), understanding that it could help later develop their own nation.
The design argument (DA) starts from the observations about the world from there towards the conclusion that God exists. This argument appeals to the world as proof of Gods existence and therefore relies on our experiences. The DA is a posteriori argument for the existence of God; it seeks to prove that there is evidence for a designer in the world and used external imperial evidence as its proof. It is an inductive argument, which means it’s based on experience and the most probable explanation. William Paley is a classical contributor to the DA and like St. Aquinas he believed that the world is too complex and well ordered to have happened by chance therefore it must have designed by a greater being, ‘God’.
This helps to reach a better understanding of why Hellenization actually occurred in Rome. As Rome was in the midst of a changing republic it looked on new ways to express ones power and wealth. They looked to the Greeks and saw the beautiful temples and structures being built by the wealthy and successful in battle, thus the romans began to use architecture as the Greeks did. Octavius was the first roman to Hellenize Rome with his porticus and therefore was the start to a new era in roman architecture. The reason the Porticus Octavia is relied on so much to describe the Hellenization is due to how similarly Octavius modeled after the Greeks.
The key points in chapter 2 are the Greek Dark Ages, the Archaic Era, and the Classical Era that define the development of the Greek culture in western civilizations. The idea of ethical monotheism and they believe in rational or scientific inquiry from the Greeks are the two main concepts that provide the foundations of Western thoughts and beliefs. The Greek origin originated from the Minoans and Mycenaean’s civilizations. The Minoans developed mythology in the struggles of Greeks Heroes between arête and hubris. Arête represents the individual competition to achieve excellence in culture.
Even though Ovid presents a story in which Jove uses his divine authority to punish, while Virgil, in contrast, displays a story in which Jove uses his divine authority to help and reassure, they both incorporate these two themes in very much the same way. By using the two stories to supplement each other, we get a clearer explanation of the two themes. It also appears that Jove pays little attention to human morality, if at all, when making the decision to use his authority. First of all, in Aeneid, Jove uses his divine authority to make sure the fate of Aeneas is kept on track. In Book I, Aeneas is trying to fulfill his fate by establishing a new home in Italy.
In ancient Rome the republican elite and later the emperors controlled much more than images, they exerted influence on literature, theatre, poetry and staged the games. Through the choice of myth and by accentuating and ignoring certain aspects, very specific messages could be conveyed. The Basillica Aemilia, in the Roman Forum, built in the C2nd BC, was an enormous public building, providing space for shops and law courts. In the Augustan era (Blk, p126) a frieze was added decorated with images of Rome's founding myths. The rape of the Sabines and the punishment of Tarpeia are two of those featured and include the most explicitly instructive content.
Plato decided that both, men and women, should have the same education and the pursuit of happiness. This concludes that in ancient times, Plato was trying to make the greatest society and resulted in having equal rights of the same gender. In addition, Aristotle was a philosopher that generated these theories on reason (Document 2). Government in Western Civilization is based on reason because many rulers use intelligence and wisdom. In big decision, this is curtail because one must look past all the little details and decide from what is right and what the population needs.
If it were to be removed from the standard curriculum, it would signify the death of culture. With these facts in mind, how could one justify the education of music not to be a basic subject? The Greek philosopher, Plato, once stated, "Education in music is most sovereign because more than anything else rhythm and harmony find their way to the inmost should and take strongest hold upon it, bringing with them and imparting grade if one is rightly trained." Also Confucius said “Ceremony established the correct manner of physical movement in man, music perfected man’s mind and emotions. This statement implies that music is the single most important thing a student can be educated in.
Repetition in the Aeneid Ancient Rome was highly dependent on repetition; a repetition of Greek Architecture, repetition of the Olympian Gods, and even a repetition of Greek Literature. This is not to say that Roman culture was a cheap knock-off of the Greece, for Romans strived to not only match Greece’s rich culture but to rise above it. Virgil’s The Aeneid is a fine example of the manner in which Romans aimed to glorify Rome by imitating Greece. The theme of repetition is crucial to Virgil’s poem, particularly in Book VI, where history, myths, and tales reoccur or foretell an occurrence. Near the beginning of Book VI, we enter a temple dedicated to Apollo, and upon entering, our narrator reiterates the history that gave rise to this temple.