Differences Between Greek And Roman Art

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There are a number of similarities between Greek and Roman art that are evident with these two cultures, but the point will be focused on the differences. Throughout history, art has consistently reflected the cultural values and social structures of individual civilizations. From art, we can determine the basic moral and philosophical beliefs of many ancient societies. The differences in art’s purpose in Greece and Rome, for example, show us the fundamental differences in each culture’s political and moral system. The primary objective of Greek art was to explore the order of nature and to convey philosophical thought, while Roman art was used primarily as a medium to project the authority and importance of the current ruler and the greatness of his empire. This change in the meaning of art from Greek to Roman times shows the gradual decline in the importance of intellectualism in ancient western culture. The fact that Greek civilization reached a point at which its art reflected some of the most refined thought ever recorded in the ancient world shows the importance of intellectualism in this culture. The Doryphoros, a sculpture done by Polycleatus himself, serves as an excellent example of how art reflects philosophical thought. This sculpture was constructed using a strict mathematical formula that was believed to represent the perfect male body. Greek philosophers such as Aristotle further explored the value and importance of visual perfection and its effect on human consciousness. This exploration was later developed into a branch of philosophy known as Aesthetics. In contrast, Roman art was used as propaganda that displayed the authority and greatness of Rome’s current ruler; this in no way reflected evolution of thought. (Roman) Artists began to use detailed craftsmanship with which they could portray human emotion and in turn use physical appearance to make

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