Differences Between Federal Constitution, Civil Laws, Criminal Laws and Code of Ethics

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Differences between Federal constitution, civil laws, criminal laws and code of ethics Law protects basic individual rights and freedom such as liberty, equality and freedom of speech. It prevents individuals in powerful position from taking an unfair advantage of other people. Law ensures a safe and peaceful society, in which individual rights are preserved. Certain governments have cruel laws, where police and armies arrests and punishes people without a trial in the court. Law applies to every persons, public authorities, governmental departments, private bodies, profit making organizations as well as non-governmental organizations. In Malaysia, the legislative body which is made up of Lower House and the Upper house, both which consists of representatives of people, makes law. The executive body which is headed by YDPA, who is assisted by Prime Minister, enforces the law, so that everyone will follow. The judiciary body judges law. These three bodies form the Malaysian government. The law, however, is an independent entity by itself although it is made, enforced and judged by the government. Malaysian sources of law comprises laws that have emerged from three significant periods. The Malaysian history originating from :- 1. Malacca Sultanate to spread of Islamic religion to Malacca 2. South East Malaysia 3. And finally the colonial rule of British over the Malayan land which led to the sources of Malaysian as can be seen today. Federal Constitution is said to be the highest legal authority of land. The Constitution was drafted by the Reid Commission in 1956 with 5 representatives from India, British, Pakistan and Australia. The Constitution came into force following the independence on August 31, 1957. It consists of 15 Parts, 183 Articles and 13 schedules. Article 4(1) state that the constitution is the supreme law of the federation and any
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