Differencees Between North And South Antebellum

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In 1861, Charles Colcock Jones, Jnr stated “In this country have arisen two races [i.e. Northerners and Southerners] which, although claiming common parentage, have been so entirely separated by climate, by morals, by religion, and by estimates so totally opposite to all the constitutes honour, truth, and manliness, that they cannot longer exist under the same government.” (1). The American Civil War was one of the most climactic wars of the 19th century. It was a result of two countries, incised from one another over their own differing socio-political views, over their different ideals, fundamentally different cultures, and even vastly divergent dialects; two separate civilisations that came to an abrupt head after over half a century of friction. These differences were deep rooted; so deep rooted in fact that even during the foundation of their country during the Revolution, troops in the North and South distrusted each other even more than they distrusted the British. Joseph Plumb Martin, a soldier during the War of Independence stated in his memoirs “Myself, I’d rather be fighting with a tribe of Indians than with these Southerners. I mean they’re foreigners; they can’t hardly speak English.” (2). In the four score and twenty years since the end of the revolution, the differences between the north and south had become far more profound. No longer was it just a different dialect; they held opposing ideologies, economies, institutions and religious beliefs, even differing mannerisms. By 1850, the United States of America was polarised into two distinct factions, those who ultimately were against the spread of slavery westwards, and those to whom the belief that it was against states rights for ‘slave states’ to be decided by the Federal government rather than the states themselves, was foundered. These differences were simmering on the stove since the Philadelphia

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