Jessica Riffel Mush 101 Thought Piece #3 The Baroque Era brought monumental changes to instrumental music. During this time, instrumental music became just as important as vocal music both in quality and quantity, as many new developments occurred in the instrumental world. During the Baroque Era, the use of improvisation increased. This change was most important in instrumental music. However, as important as it was, improvisation caused problems when musicians attempted to understand and perform Baroque music accurately.
Hu Zhenqi 24 June 2011 MRLC Mr.Ryan HOW BACH’S STYLE IS DISTINCT FROM VIVALDI’S Bach and Vivaldi are two of the most well known composers in the Baroque period. They have similarities and differences in their style of composition. This essay would focus on their differences in style. Their styles are different in many ways and most people would focus on their use of melody, harmony or rhythm but this essay would focus on their use of basso continuo. The way Bach uses basso continuo in his music is what makes Bach’s style distinct from Vivaldi’s.
Brian Guay Music History I Research Paper William Byrd was considered a great English composer of his time, one of the greatest. He wrote for several different genres including sacred music, and he also wrote secular vocal and instrumental music. Byrd lived during the Late Renaissance, a time of reformation and change. However, as people were breaking away from the Catholic Church, William Byrd remained Catholic. The church began to use English in services rather than Latin, however Queen Elizabeth allowed Latin to be used in some sacred music (Burkholder, Grout, Palisca, 222).
Although the full suite includes trumpets, oboe, and tympani as well as the strings and a bass line usually played on harpsichord and cello, this movement is reduced to the string orchestra only. The movement begins with a long, rhythmic opening that transitions smoothly to phrases in which the violin and the viola “communicate” with the melody. The piece also includes ornamentation and exaggerated dynamics common to Baroque style music. As the music is played, listen closely for the suspensions common throughout the movement. They provide the harmonic tension
3). Normally singing consists of a group of singers who each sing different notes. However, the throat singing technique allows one person to be able to sing many different notes. Through vocalization techniques a singer can produce unique harmonies by using the throat’s resonance characteristics. A singer must use precise movement of the lips, tongue, jaw, velum, and larynx (Smithsonian, par.
Some of the poems in the final third of Edmund SpenserAmoretti sonnet sequence display this feature. Some poems by the same author are paired, allowing one character to make a statement in one poem and then allowing another character to reply in an accompanying work. For example, in the poem "Wrapt in my careless cloak," by Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, a dsigruntled man complains about the behavior of women, while in an accompanying poem titled "Girt in my guiltless gown," a woman replies to the man's charges. Of course, another way in which lyric poems can be performative is that they almost demand to be read aloud if one hopes to appreciate all their subtleties of sound and sense. This is less true of novels, and reading an entire novel out loud is therefore not something that most people do (at least not any
On the repeat, the soloist joins the orchestra.) VOCAL MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD OPERA 1) 2) 3) 4) DRAMA THAT IS SUNG IT COMBINES VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC WITH PEOTRY AND DRAMA, ACTING AND PANTOMIME, SCENERY AND COSTUMES IT USES A) SOLOISTS B) ENSEMBLES C) CHORUS D) ORCHESTRA E) SOMETIMES DANCING ELEMENTS OF OPERA A) RECITATIVE (EXPLANATIONS NECESSARY TO THE PLOT) B) ARIA (RELEASES THE EMOTIONAL TENSION. THIS IS WHERE THE SINGER SHOWS OFF THEIR VIRTUOSITY C) OVERTURE (USUALLY BEGINS OPERA AND NEW ACTS D) INTERLUDES (KNOWN AS SINFONIAS DURING PERIODBOCCUR BETWEEN SCENES) E) LIBRETTOBTHE WORDS SUNG DURING THE OPERA WERE WRITTEN BY ANOTHER PERSON CALLED A LIBRETTIST) ORATORIO 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) DESCENDED FROM THE RELIGIOUS PLAY-WITH-MUSIC FIRST ONES WERE SACRED OPERAS LATER ONES LEFT THE STAGE LARGE SCALE MUSICAL WORKS (GENERALLY BASED ON A BIBLICAL STORY) PERFORMED IN A CHURCH OR HALL WITHOUT SCENERY, ACTING, OR COSTUMES
According to Dunbar, she brought forth word painting, which is defined as, “using musical gestures to reflect movement and emotion in the text…,” (Dunbar 30). This type of style can be seen in two of her most famous works Kyrie and the Ordo Virtutum, which can be translated to Play of the Virtues (Dunbar 31). Kyrie is a musical melody of the mass often sung before communion asking for mercy. This piece of music stands out from other versions due to the different style that Hildegard used which included the use of extended melismas, or “...multiple pitches being sung on a single syllable,” (Dunbar 30). A better explanation of the meaning of a melisma is to think of the vocals regressing to get from a high note to a low note.
These intense moments include discovering death, which is expressed through the poem “South of my days” and “Looking for Alibrandi”, this is also a negative discovery, The idea that times and memories are lost when people pass. Another discovery made is the discovery of something shocking, experienced in “Martin and the hand grenade” and “Looking for Alibrandi.” This would be a negative discovery too. These composers use a variety of techniques to show these intense discoveries and moments such as imagery, personification, metaphors, similes and alliteration.
Ornamentation In Baroque The seventeenth century is know as an era of invention and discovery, an age of daring expansion.1 Ornamentation is the practise of adding notes to a melody to help add expression, not spoil it. It helps emphasize a note and prolong its length. Ornamentation is one of the most important things to be considered in the history of music in this period. Earlier instruments did not sustain notes as long, so using this tactic helped.2 There were two main types of ornamentation used which were written, and improvisational. These types of ornamentation were used not only for instrumental music, but for vocal music as well.