Did Slavery Really Cause The Civil War?

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Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education HISTORY Paper 2 SPECIMEN PAPER 0470/02 For Examination from 2015 2 hours Additional Materials: Answer Booklet/Paper READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet. Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on the work you hand in. Write in dark blue or black pen. You may use an HB pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working. Do not use staples, paper clips, glue or correction fluid. This paper has two options. Choose one option, and answer all the questions on that topic. Option A: 19th Century topic (pages 2–5) Option B: 20th…show more content…
Background Information On 12 April 1861, Confederate forces opened fire on Federal troops in Fort Sumter. The Civil War had begun. Relations between North and South had been getting worse for some years. It has often been claimed that it was slavery that destroyed relations between North and South. Did slavery really cause the American Civil War? SOURCE A Defenders of slavery argued that it was economically necessary because white men could not work in the heat. Freedom would be a hardship to the slaves because free blacks would have to take on all the cares and responsibilities of looking after themselves. They quoted from the Bible to show slavery was not morally wrong. Judge Harper claimed they supported slavery because of ‘our humanity and consideration for the slaves themselves’. In reply the abolitionists argued that poorer whites did work in the South and that paid labour could be profitable. They said that blacks were human beings and that Christianity demanded that they should have the basic rights of human beings. In pamphlets, the abolitionists exaggerated the cruelty and injustice of slavery. Slaveowners were described as totally corrupt and dishonest. This…show more content…
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