The searches for the Northwest Passage led to the discovery of the New World, because explorers, looking for Asia, found what is now America. Also a thirst for power was invading Europe. People at this time wanted more riches and control. This desire for power not only invaded the merchants and explorers, but also the Kings. The monarchs analyzed that by expanding their empire they would become more wealthy and potent.
With their previous control in India and Africa, the British nation had the tools in needed to develop into the imperialist power it would. As a result of this prosperity exhibited by the British, other nations felt the need to gain there own global colonies so that they could be deemed just as powerful. This sparked global competition as it began to form during the age of Imperialism. Global Rivalry At this time in Europe, there was a continuous rivalry between the European countries. Previously (after the Napoleonic wars) this balance was overturned.
Also the rise of the British Empire meant that they had very much influenced the world through colonization of countries they invaded. This allowed British culture (e.g. language) to spread widely, allowing them to control the countries actions. This gave the British Empire significant political power because they had territory of much of the world's land. Also they gained economic power because the colonies which were part of the British Empire had sources of cheap raw materials, which were manufactured in Britain and sold on again, thus increasing trade, leading to increased GDP.
This influence would establish a permanent seat in any negotiation about territory, trade, or diplomatic policy. British imperialism on India had many positive and negative affects on both the mother country, Britain and the colony, India. In India British colonization had more positive affects than negative. For Instance, When the British colonized India they built 40,000 miles of rail road and 70,000 miles of paved roadway. As a result the British made it much easier to travel across India.
Economic impact of British rule in India The Indian economy suffered deep changes and it served the British economic interests at the cost of India. As the economy of Britain grew, India was left in poverty and was found in such a state from which was hard for them to recover. Since India was under Britain’s rule, many changes had occurred, such as new railroads that enabled India to develop an up-to-date economy and brought unity to the connected region, harbours, roads and even a telegraph system center was created. Schools and colleges were founded, and literacy increased. Sanitation and health had also improved.
It is believed that the Second World War was actually the cause of many social reforms that were later formed, and the constituting of a welfare state. It was also due to the war that Labour was voted into power with a landslide victory, as the population believed that ‘post-war had to be better than pre-war,’ which caused people to vote for Labour in hope that they would deliver the peaceful revolution that they envisioned. However, some historians believe that the reason that Labour was so successful during their time in power is due to the achievements of the Liberals from 1906-1914. After the El Alamein battle in 1942, many people believed that Britain had a chance at winning the war and the government started to plan for a post-war social reconstruction. The most important plan made was the Beveridge Report in 1942.
The railways, particularly the Trans-Siberian railway, also gave Eastern Russia a link to Europe and Western Russia a link to the Pacific Ocean, which made it easier to export Russian goods. Therefore the Russian governments’ investment in railways was extremely successful in promoting economic growth. The Russian government was also successful in improving Russia’s heavy industry through the introduction of tariffs on imports. This clearly helped Russian heavy industry to expand as steel production increase eightfold from 1880 to 1905 and petroleum production increased over 2500% during the same time period. These tariffs, introduced by Vyshnedgradsky and continued by Witte, both increased revenue for the government and made
This meant faster transport and with the invention of the factories economic growth as well. As the economy grew then we capitalised, and as we invested in different things insurance was invented and so financial institutions were formed. Being a small island we had excellent communications so we can get an army together quickly and efficiently so this proved helpful in succeeding in military campaigns, as we were a powerful land force as well as a powerful naval force, such as the battle of
Globalization has made it possible to increase literacy and western ideals of education as well as promote innovative technology and industrialization. These are just two of the many reasons as to why globalization has had a positive impact on the world’s quality of life. Trade liberalization was a huge positive for economic growth and quality of life for workers and consumers. The European Union is a perfect example of how trade liberalization can positively affect the economy as well as the quality of life for the countries involved. The EU eliminated all boarder taxes and other trade barriers between the 27 members resulting to a decrease in costs, higher wages, and higher quality of life for workers and an increase in imports and exports.
All of these issues helped to shape the American nation and its people. After the Civil War, the development of improved industrial methods and the arrival of masses of immigrants eager for factory jobs launched a new era of mass production in the United States. The nation turned its efforts toward economic recovery and expansion. America's abundant supply of natural resources, such as coal and oil, encouraged investment. Much of this investment came from already industrialized countries like Germany, Great Britain, and France whose business owners looked for new investment opportunities in the United States.