Dictators Vs Holocaust

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Rise of Dictators, WWII and Holocaust Study Guide Terms and People League of Nations: The League of Nations, an international organization that existed between 1920 and 1946 to promote peace. Allies: The five main Allies from the "Allied Powers" were France, The United States, The Soviet Union, Great Britain, and China. Axis powers: The three countries made up in the "Axis Powers" were Germany, Italy, and Japan. Stalin: Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953. He was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. Hitler: Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party. He was Chancellor/ Dictator…show more content…
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party. Roosevelt: Franklin D. Roosevelt was stricken with polio in 1921. He became the 32nd U.S. president in 1933, and was the only president to be elected four times. Churchill: Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was a British politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955 Blitzkrieg: German for "lightning war"; a swift and sudden military attack; used by the Germans during World War II. Concepts Causes of WWII – Versailles treaty * Germany was asked to accept full responsibility for causing WWI, to give up large amounts of land, and to pay the Allies. Germany wanted revenge for being treated so harshly. * The U.S. never joined the “League of Nations” established to prevent future secret alliances. * Strong Dictators came into power. - Hitler in Germany -Mussolini in Italy -Stalin in Soviet Union. * Many countries began aggressive expansionist…show more content…
Difference between Fascism and Communism * Fascism is a political philosophy that glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for a strong central government led by a dictatorial ruler. * Communism a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. Pearl Harbor- Where is it and why did Japan attack? * 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor on December 7th. Four days later Hitler declares war on the U.S. The Pearl Harbor is in Hawaii and Japan attacked it because * The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States. D-Day – Where – When * June 6, 1944 - D-Day : A mighty fleet crossed a narrow strip of sea from England to Normandy, France, and broke the Nazi grip on western Europe. Atomic bombs- where and when
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