2. DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for Personality Disorders A. An enduring pattern of inner experience and behaviour that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture. This pattern is manifested in two (or more) of the following areas: 1) cognition (i.e. ways of perceiving and interpreting self, other people and events) 2) affectivity (i.e.
3.2 The general diagnosing issues specifically surrounding Borderline Personality Disorder While it is difficult to diagnose adolescents with Personality Disorders it is also challenging in general to give a Personality Disorder diagnosis. This is because according to Tutorial Letter 101 for PYC4802 (2012, p.34), in order to diagnose Personality Disorders individuals need to be accessed over time, as well as across various scenarios. Individuals also need to be detached from symptoms that may only have appeared after specific stressors, traumatic experiences and/or fleeting mental states. Borderline Personality Disorder in particular provokes a sense doubt of in researchers and psychiatrists as well as feelings of aggravation in those who work with such patients. The diagnosis of a Borderline Personality Disorder has been disputed as some clinicians state that the disorder can be explained by various comorbid conditions or as alternative disorders found on Axis 1 of the DSM-IV-TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Personality Disorders), such as a mood disorder (Goodman, Hazlett, New, Koenigsberg & Siever, 2009, p.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can be used to treat people with a wide range of mental health problems. CBT is based on the idea that how we think (cognition), how we feel (emotion) and how we act (behavior) all interact together. Specifically, our thoughts determine our feelings and our behavior. Therefore, negative - and unrealistic - thoughts can cause us distress and result in problems. When a person suffers with psychological distress, the way in which they interpret situations becomes skewed, which in turn has a negative impact on the actions they take.
Personality disorders are a class of mental disorders characterized by enduring maladaptive patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience, exhibited across many contexts and deviating markedly from those accepted by the individual's culture. These patterns develop early, are inflexible, and are associated with significant distress or disability. The definitions may vary somewhat, according to source. Personality, defined psychologically, is the set of enduring behavioral and mental traits that distinguish human beings. Hence, personality disorders are defined by experiences and behaviors that differ from societal norms and expectations.
Many people are diagnosed with psychological problems without even knowing about the disorder. They live their lives without any awareness of their problems, and do not get treated for it. In Hosseini’s novel, “The Kite Runner” it is controversial whether such psychological problems can be recovered through appropriate treatment or through the character’s own abilities and skills. Baba, Assef, and Sohrab deal with psychological problems throughout the story. It is intended that these characters are suffering from mental problems as each of them show the symptoms of their disorders.
Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) is a disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorder. The criteria for this disorder consist of a series of items indexing a lifelong pattern of overt antisocial acts plus traits of impulsivity, irritability and remorselessness (De Brito and Hodgins 2009). As with all personality disorder diagnoses, the person has to be eighteen or older, however ASPD requires evidence that a similar disorder existed in childhood (conduct disorder (CD) prior to the age of fifteen). These children may exhibit behavior such as a failure to conform to social norms, reckless disregard for the safety of self and others, and traits of impulsivity or failure to plan ahead, irritability, irresponsibility, as well as lack of remorse (De Brito and Hodgins 2009). ASPD is similar to Dissocial Personality Disorder (DSPD) and psychopathy.
The paper will describe the role of personality in affecting situational behavior by comparing and contrasting both approaches. The paper will also examine the personality characteristics of each theory and explain the interpersonal relational aspects of each theory. Personality in Affecting Situational Behavior A person’s personality makes the person who he or she is. Theorists of personality tend to theorize that a person’s personality is unique to the person and is how the person acts or reacts to his or her environment. The differences in each person’s personality may lead one person to react to a situation differently then another person.
Discuss the problems related with identifying and diagnosing Borderline Personality Disorder 1. INTRODUCTION The aim of this paper is to discuss the multitude of problems that complicate the identification and diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder. New Research on Borderline Personality Disorder is lagging far behind other disorders and the figures indicate that many cases still go undiagnosed which implies many cases never get the proper treatment they deserve (Gunderson, 2009 and Meyerson in Phend, 2009). 2. BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER DEFINED 2.1 Define Personality Disorder A Personality Disorder can be “characterized by inflexible, long standing, and maladaptive personality traits that cause significant functional impairment”
42.). Humans have an intrinsic desire to predict things; and to effectively interact with our world we must expect certain things to happen based upon the physical and social interactions we encounter. The construct of personality is the observed regularities in cognitive, affective and behavioural responses in various settings. Variation in a construct such as personality causes individual differences in response to real life experiences. In this essay, we look at whether the construct of personality is a realistic idea and whether personality traits truly exist as it is difficult to measure a theoretical concept accurately.
Dissociation is the most common symptom of this disorder. In attempt to bury a traumatic experience one will not recognize themselves with those negative memories. Some will not associate themselves with certain events like birthdays, weddings, graduations and even the births of their children to avoid those memories. In extreme cases people will self mutilate to overcome those traumatic memories. People with dissociative