Diabetes Pathophysiology Essay

2683 WordsApr 27, 201211 Pages
Diabetes Pathophysiology The disease Diabetes mellitus affects various body systems. Diabetes mellitus can affect the body’s insulin production, how the body processes the insulin, or it can affect both processes. The body’s inability to produce or maintain proper insulin levels affects blood glucose levels. An example of the body’s insulin mismanagement results in the patient becoming hyperglycemic. This takes place through the body’s mismanagement of glucose, or the body’s inability to produce the needed insulin to process the glucose. If undetected, this can cause the glucose levels to increase within the blood stream, in many instances reaching critical or life threatening levels. A staggering fact is that diabetes mellitus is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. Costs related to this disease are beginning to skyrocket, as more and more diabetics are being diagnosed daily. Already we do not know what to do here in North America where seven percent of the people have diabetes (Kreiter, 2008, p.88). Certain races and cultures seem more susceptible to contracting diabetes, because there is a high rate of diabetes mellitus within Hispanics, African Americans, Native American and Pima Indians. More than thirteen percent of all African-Americans age twenty or older have diabetes (Hopkins, 2008, p.128). The disease contributes to various health problems. This disease works like a domino effect, impacting more than just one system or body function. It is a major contributing factor for heart disease and stroke. Almost seventy five percent of those with diabetes also have high blood pressure. The long term high blood pressure and mismanagement of blood glucose contributes to hardened arteries and loss of elasticity also known as arteriolosclerosis. Diabetes is the leading cause of end stage renal disease, blindness in adults, and

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