Diabetes Insipidus Research Paper

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Sallie Nowell 14 April 2013 Diabetes Insipidus Diabetes Insipidus is a rare, uncommon disease. In the US, the incidence rate is 40,800 people. Because the disease is so rare, many people do not have a great awareness of what the disease actually is. This paper will address the medical issue known as Diabetes Insipidus. There are many different factors of the illness. Classification, cause, risk factors, prevention and complications are all topics worth mentioning. But before going on, one must first understand what Diabetes Insipidus is. Diabetes Insipidus is defined as the chronic excretion of an overly large amount of watery urine which consequences lead to dehydration and vast thirst that is never quenched. Some of the known symptoms…show more content…
Regrettably, scientists have do not know for sure what triggers DI. In fact, in almost 30% of the cases involving DI, the exact cause of the disorder cannot be found. But there are elements that play as factors. Any sort of brain infection or tumor in the brain or pituitary gland, bleeding in the skill can be linked to DI. This being said, DI can happen from hitches in surgical procedures onto the brain. In some cases, intense head trauma can damage the pituitary gland or hypothalamus. Abnormalities in the kidneys or brain can also cause DI. These abnormalities can affect the production and process of ADH. Like many illness, there are different classifications of DI. Central Diabetes Insipidus is the most common. Damage to the pituitary gland causes a disruption of the standard storage and release of ADH. Another form of DI is Nephrogenic DI. This is the result of the kidneys being incapable of responding to ADH. Dipsogenic DI is triggered by damage to the thirst mechanism found in the hypothalamus. There is even a type of DI that happens only through pregnancy. Gestational DI is triggered by an enzyme prepared by the placenta that destroys ADH in the

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