Diabetes Essay

2657 WordsApr 3, 201111 Pages
DIABETES Diabetes-is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Most of the food you eat changes into glucose, or sugar, for your body to use as energy. In researching diabetes just briefly, it is obvious that diabetes is such a complex disease with so many different forms that I have decided to focus my paper specifically on diabetes Type I. Type I diabetes is known as insulin-dependant diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Patients with this type of diabetes are dependant on injections of insulin on a daily basis to take care of the bodies need for insulin. Patients cannot and will not survive without these injections. Their body cannot make insulin which ultimately will cause high blood sugars. Type 1 diabetes will usually develop before the age of 30. As a result of a lack of insulin, the action involved to convert foods we eat into various useful substances does not occur. Insulin is a hormone that has a job of converting the food that we eat into various useful substances and getting rid of everything that is wasteful. Another job of insulin is to see that all the useful substances are put to the best use for our well-being. These substances work to build cells and are made ready for immediate expenditure as energy. Some are even stored for later energy use. Insulin comes from the pancreas, carried by the beta cells. With Type 1 diabetes almost all the beta cells have been destroyed making daily injections an absolute must for survival. Although the cause of diabetes is unknown, one thing that doctors do know about it, is that if someone in your family has diabetes, you are more likely to have or develop it in your lifetime. Signs and symptoms of diabetes are sometimes referred to as “diabetes alert”. They include blurry vision, extreme thirst,

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