Development Theories Essay

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Developmental Theories Stacey Booker PSY104: Child and Adolescent Development Jimlette Vareene-Thomas June 12, 2012 An issue in developmental psychology is the relationship between innateness and the environmental influences. This is referred to as “nature vs. nurture.” Cognitive development is the way in which infants and children develop and use their internal capacities in language, memory, and solving problems. Assessment methods must be matched with the level of developmental stage. Understanding child development is essential to allow us to appreciate the cognitive, emotional, social, mental and educational growth a child will obtain. If there are any mental or physical disabilities, these stages will be altered and may never be met. Theorists believe that these mental flaws can trigger potential problems in other areas. Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget focused on development from different ages and mental stages. Jean Piaget directed his attention on cognitive development while Erik Erikson focused more on personality and social factors. Physical development interacts with cognitive development as the brain develops and any variables will likely affects innate intelligence. I will take you through the different theories and how they coincide with mental disabilities in children. Sigmund Freud constructed his psychoanalytic theory in the early 1900s. He developed his ideas mostly from his therapeutic sessions with adults. Freud theorized that his patients exhibited physical systems due to unconscious processes related to childhood conflicts (Mossler R.A. (2011). Sigmund Freud stressed the importance of childhood experiences, but exclusively focused on mental disorders rather than normal function (K. Cherry, 2009). He called these stages psychosexual development. Freud believed that infants are governed by their unconscious

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