Development of Culture Industry in China and Singapore:
A Comparative Analysis
A glance at today’s media, either newspapers, magazines or the Internet will show that one of the hottest paradigms in cultural studies today is “cultural economy,” that is, thinking of culture as part of the economy and examining it as an industry rather than a discourse (Wang, 2003) and that culture industry, described as one of the sunrise industries in the 21st century (Chen,2005), has become one of the pillar industries in the national economy of many countries.
In this paper, two models are suggested. One is the Chinese policy model in which top-down centralized and government-dominant cultural policies function. The other is the Singapore’s policy model in which decentralized, free market-oriented policies work. The purpose of this paper is to search for some feasible Singapore culture industry alternatives that may be conducive to China in the development of culture industry through a comparative analysis of culture industry in China and Singapore, to recommend some practical solutions and alternatives, and to provide some advice to the Chinese government for more policy making.
This paper is organized as follows: Part One is a summary introduction, focusing mainly on the background, purpose and the structure. Part Two explores development of culture industry in China and Singapore. Part Three focuses on the comparison of culture industry in China and Singapore. Part Four is the conclusion.
2. Culture industry in China and Singapore: Development and Comparison
In this section, the history of the development of culture industry in China and Singapore, including all stages, is discussed.
2.1. Culture Industry in Review
2.1.1. Development of Culture Industry in China
In the wake of the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, a highly centralized and planned economic system modeled on the former Soviet Union...