''Development Is a Series of Discrete Stages of Which Is Characterized by at Least One Tasks That an Individual Must Accomplish Before Progressing to the Next Stage."' Discuss.

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One of the more debated issues in developmental psychology today is about whether people grow and change slowly over time which is continuous development when an individual gradually develops by adding knowledge and skills onto old knowledge and skills for instance learning to play the guitar , or do they make sudden steps forward into new phases in their lives which is discontinuous development when a individual goes through clear discrete stages of which is characterised by at least one task that the individual must accomplish before progressing to the next stage. Stage theorists like Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson and Sigmund Freud support the view that development is solely and evenly marked by age-specific periods whereas on the other side of the coin, theorists like Lev Vygostky who focused on the role of culture in the development of higher mental functions such as speech and reasoning and Albert Bandura and his social learning theory which he uses to explain human development. In this essay I will explore the continuity and discontinuous theories of human development. Regarding discontinuous development, Freud created his psychosexual theory. In his theory, the three parts of personality, i.e. id, ego and superego become integrated during the five stages i.e. oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital. For instance, between three and six years, the superego, or conscience, develops through interaction with parents, who insist that children conform to values of the society Freud (1923/1974) cited in (Berk, p16, 17). ) and it is during five stages in which they confront conflicts between biological drives and social expectations. How they resolve these conflicts determines psychological adjustment. He believed that each of us must pass through a series of stages during childhood, and that if we lack proper nurturing and parenting during a stage, we may become

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