Adversity such as starvation, disease, and conflicts with the Indians awaited them. When the colonists first arrived, their food supply ran out, and they believed that the Indians would help them. However, they did not because they were they were angered by the actions of Francis West’s actions while he was trying to trade corn with the Patawomeke Indians. (Document D) The colonists soon realized that they would need to grow their own crops in order to endure; however, they were soon faced with what the settlers called “starving time.” During the winter of 1609 through 1610, Jamestown was faced with a drought. (Document B) Without water, the crops were unable to grow which led to hunger, starvation, and death.
The poorer countries tend to have a low life expectancy. The top countries with the highest life expectancies are ; Monaco, Japan and Australia. The lowest countries are ; Uganda, Afghanistan and Chad. These results have to do with social development. The level of social development contributes tremendously to healthcare and life expectancy of a country.
The population was estimated to have dropped 50-60%, so the prices of goods rapidly dropped, since there were so few people still alive to buy it. The lower levels of the social chain, like the peasants, serfs, farmers, and factory workers were struck the hardest. (Pollama) Since their living and work conditions were not very sanitary, and their living spaces were often cramped and dirty, they were the easiest targets for the plague. All of the jobs that these people had were now open, and available for people to take. Since the serf population had gotten ridiculously low, plantation owners were forced to start paying workers to tend the farms.
In spite of many recent economical, political, and social achievements, Afghanistan is still ranked as the fourth poorest country in the world, according to the Afghanistan 2007 Human Development Report. One of two Afghans is classified as poor, with more than 20 percent of the rural population consuming less than the average daily calories. Historically, the drought of the nineties, the destruction of basic infrastructure, the damage to institutional organizations, and the scarcity of skilled professionals has been among the primary causes of poverty. Decades of war and foreign invasion has greatly impacted its political and social stance and essentially has destroyed its economy. Economic frailty and government dependence
Ghana may also lack the infrastructure i.e pipelines for transporting water making it hard for investments needed to become industrialised therefore the reason why it's low ( less than 100 cubic meters pp) Egypt although being part of the Sahel region uses a significant amount of water. Mainly for the agricultural sector (800 cubic meters pp). Egypt is under physical water stress and is arid so lack water. Most of the water is used for irrigation of crops that are impossible to grow in the natural conditions available. In conclusion water use varies due to many reasons it may be because of the climate in the area and also how developed they are.
Corruption, school-dropouts, and alcoholism are to blame for most of the poor. The land the Native-Americans live on is hard to harvest; therefore farming for food and vegetables can be hard. Property rights on the reservation tend to be non-existent, and weaken prosperity for this culture. Most of lands that Native-Americans live are communally, no one is able to get a clear title to his or her land, making is hard to borrow money or establish credit for improvements or investments they will benefit families. This is called tragedy of the commons, when everyone owns the land no one really owns the land which results in rundown housing due to lack of investments on the property or housing.
This would not be considered a superpower due to all the people living in poverty. Also, GDP (PPP) per capita is an average across the entire nation's population. Because of this, countries with huge populations such as Russia and China will have a lower average due to the sheer amount of people living there. Another way to measure the economic strength of a country is is by looking at the TNCs within that country. TNCs have global influence as they can invest in other countries but also influence other countries with their products.
Hookworm bred where there was poor sanitation but was caught mostly by children and adults who had no shoes. The worst thing about malaria, yaws and hookworm was that they led to weakness which could last for life. Some surveys showed that hardly anyone of the working population was freed from such diseases. Poor sanitation helped worsen the situation. There was a lack of running water and improper sewage facilities in most of the areas.
Some of these factors as seen on the national level include low per-capita income, as expressed by low GDP per capita, highly unequal distribution of income, poor infrastructure, lack of availability of modern technologies, and low consumption of efficient energy sources. GDP per capita indicates the annual dollar value of goods and services produced per person. Iraq’s GDP per capita in 2011 was $3,900.00. The GDP by sector is agriculture 9.7%, Industry 60.5%, and services 29.8%. Iraq’s economy is dominated by the oil (industry) sector which has traditionally provided about 95% of foreign exchange earnings.
Firstly, we can look at how physical reasons cause insecurity. Due to the variation in the earth’s climate, there is an unequal distribution of rain around the globe. Countries with arid temperatures, such as many countries in Africa, have extremely high levels of evaporation and low amounts of rainfall. LICS often suffer the most from these droughts. For example, between 50,000 and 100,000 people died during the drought in East Africa which affected the countries of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya.