Development Contrasts In Brazil

540 Words3 Pages
The core of Brazil is the south eastern coast, where three cities form an ‘industrial triangle’ namely Sao Paulo, Rio de Jeneiro and Belo Horizonte. The core is richer, more industrialized, more investments, the centre of commerce and the place for higher education, better transport and culture. It has the highest standards of living and is the region of highest GDP. The other areas outside this country is considered the periphery, especially the north east. It is poorer, less developed and has a lower GDP. 20% of the population earns only 2.4% of the GDP, this shows inequality between the country. The country itself has a GINI index of 56.7, with 100 being perfect inequality, we can see that the country is more towards the ‘inequality side’. The north and north eastern part of Brazil is the periphery. With 12% of the GDP earned by 16% of the population, it’s HDI is 0.72, has a lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality (bad healthcare) and considered less developed. Reasons for less developed are as follows, the north (especially west) are the Amazon rivers, which are humid, rains and floods all the time and gives diseases. It is sparsely populated and hardly developed. The north eastern part is mainly plateau highland, experiences frequent droughts (once in 1992 affected 9m people) and the land is infertile, soil is eroded and we have problems such as deforestation. Soil washes away during rains and this causes another series of problems. Residents living here are usually subsistent farmers however crop yields are low, therefore they only eat the crops they grow (subsistence work is not counted in GNP). There is a problem of gender imbalance, where young males migrate into the core region for jobs There is little development but birth rate are high, villages are overcrowding and very little job opportunities, therefore many push factors for them to migrate
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