As a child I had a book called "Where Did I Come From?" It offered a full biological explanation, in cartoons, to answer those awkward questions that curious tots ask. But the book is now out of date. Replacing it is, for example, Mommy, Did I Grow in Your Tummy? : Where Some Babies Come From, which explains the myriad ways that children of the twenty-first century may have entered their families, including egg donation, surrogacy, in vitro fertilization, and adoption.
In today’s world, through the means of technology, scientists have discovered new ways to make conception possible for women who are deemed infertile. Scientists are able to remove an egg from a woman’s ovary, fertilize the egg with the man’s sperm, and place the fertilized egg into the woman’s uterus, thus being known as a “test-tube” baby. On July 25, 1978, the world's first successful "test-tube" baby,
I will also tell you about ways to help to deal with the problems that can go along with this birth defect such as identity problems. The sex of a child is determined at conception. The mother's egg contains an X chromosome and the father's sperm contains either an X or a Y chromosome. The X and Y chromosomes determine the gender of the child. During the process where the fetal tissue is to become male or female is disrupted, ambiguous genitalia may develop.
It brings danger to the entire society. As an article for MSNBC, “‘Designer’ babies with made-to-order defects?” reports, a new choice is making it possible for couples with disabilities to “design” a baby just like them, defects and all. They as the question, is a “perfect baby” a happy baby? Not necessarily. If this idea is put into effect, it will take “designer babies” to a whole new level.
One amazing thing about Ultrasound Technicians is that they can see what goes on in a person’s body. I know this because I am studying to become an Ultrasound Technician myself. The main point I am focusing on is Ultrasound Technicians that does ultrasound on the abnormal cavity (dealing with pregnancies). Ultrasound Technicians work under many catorgerios, such as Echocardiography, Mammography, Obstetric and gynecological sonographers, Vascular, Neurosonology, and Therapeutic Ultrasound. Obstetric and gynecological sonographers examine the babies being developed in a mother’s womb.
Designer Babies are developing embryo's with specific trait's such as personal characteristics, gender and inherited disorders. Infants are created by genetic engineering combined with In vitro fertilisation in order to ensure the absence or presence of a particular gene. People agree with method's of designing babies to allow parents to have a child, prevent genetic genes or to create a baby that can provide genetic material for medical purposes. For those that are unable to have their own children due to genetic disorders or tending to reproduce, designer babies allow those parents the option to create an embryo which can change the genetic make-up of the embryo allowing these parents to conceive. Mothers would be able to conceive healthy
Also "chronic villus sampling", this involvs a sample of tissue (a biopsy) taken from the placenta and tested. The effectiveness of these tests would let an individuall decide if they wantedto continue with the pregnancy or have a termination. If a person did decide to continue with the pregnancy it would give them enough time to prepare themselves for the birth of a child with health problems
Genetic Counseling A child is born and one of the first things that happen to the newborn is that he or she gets their heel pricked and a small amount of blood is drawn for testing. One may think that testing must be done for a few conditions, but in reality that tiny blood sample is used to screen over thirty types of genetic and metabolic disorders (myoptumhealth.com). Through this type of screening medical personnel can foresee if there are any disorders the child could have in the future and assess a plan of action. Genetic counseling comes into play with this process at the time of diagnosis of a disorder through the screening. “Genetic counseling: An educational counseling process for individuals and families who have a genetic disease or who are at risk for such a disease.
Designer Babies – Like It Or Not, Here They Come By Keith Kleiner (Feb 25th 2009) http://singularityhub.com/2009/02/25/designer-babies-like-or-not-here-they-come/ The texts talks about genetic modification and technologies scientists have achieved so far. Designer babies are created by customisation of the genes, e.g. the choice of the gender and screening for diseases. It talks about the ability to change the colours of hair, eyes, and complexion and equip the baby superior genes for good looks, intelligence, athleticism, and many more. Some people think it is good to be able to genetically modify the genes but other oppose of it.
Embryonic stem cells can be used to help explain birth defects and chromosomal abnormalities that often lead to miscarriages or to spot and prevent possible potential problems. The study of stem cells began with using those of mice, which was groundbreaking, however, the use of human embryonic stem cells allows the research of early human development within closer reach. According to Thaddeus Golos, a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in December 2003 commented on biomedicine.org that his team of researchers could one day better understand diseases of preeclampsia, which is a disorder that occurs only during pregnancy and the postpartum period that is estimated to kill at least 76,000 women and infants each year. It is a scary thought for us that something so deadly is still unexplainable and that some aspects of the early stages of life are still unknown especially if we want to have families of our own. In summary, today I first explained what embryonic stem cells are, then I shared the use of embryonic stem cells in organ transplants, and finally I shared how embryonic stem cell research can be used to study early human development.