Design Argument: Aquinas's Fifth Way

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The design argument outlines that the world has been designed, and therefore requires a designer. This designer, has to have been God because he is the only being that has the power and will to do so. This argument is a posteriori because it bases it’s argument on observations within the Universe. It is also an inductive proof because it has more than one possible conclusion. There are a few ideas that support the idea of the world being designed, one of them being Aquinas’s Fifth Way. This idea says that irrational beings are able to work towards a “beneficial order” (an order where the being will eventually work towards a beneficial purpose). Aquinas observed that these irrational beings could work towards this order without having the required intelligence to do so. For example, grey whales annually migrate from the Alaskan Coast to Mexican waters, a journey which stretches further than 20,000 km and lasts 3 months to carry out, in order to reach a beneficial end or purpose. Aquinas concluded that there must have been a higher power that directed them towards this beneficial order, and Aquinas maintained that this was God. He said God must have designed these irrational beings so that they could work towards this beneficial end.…show more content…
Paley said that if you were to come across a watch in a field, it would require an explanation for it’s existence, and this explanation must have been that a designer designed it. Paley compares this to the Universe, and says that both have similarities. They both have a purpose and both require a designer. While some criticisms may come forth questioning the existence of evil, Paley argued that just like a watch may develop faults, this could also apply to the Universe - it developed
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