This case was the precedent in Brown vs. Board of Education. The great majority of the southern states flat out refused to comply. This led height of the civil rights movement and the forced desegregation of school systems. It was a sad time in history that consisted of many deaths, rioting and contributed to a great deal of the anger and hates that still exist in our country today. It is my personal opinion that this was not a just decision and that the end result led to violence, a civil uprising and the murders of great leaders such as Dr Martin Luther King, Jr.
They protested, marched, wrote letters to Congress, wrote letters to the President, etc. On May 17, 1954, The US Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in public schools violated the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. This decision declared that separate but equal educational facilities were unconstitutional. (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2015) A form of legislation to alleviate race within prejudicial boundaries was the Voting Rights Act of 1965; this law prohibits racial discrimination in voting. This year commemorates 50 years since the infamous march in Selma, Alabama.
Furthermore, with the utilisation of these factors we can come to the conclusion whether or not progress was made. President Harry Truman’s presidency, between 1945-53 saw dramatic change in black civil rights within America. In September 1946, President Truman set up a liberal civil rights committee that was utilised to investigate the increasing violence against black people. This was very significant and had a huge impact due to the fact the committee issued a report titled ‘To Secure these Rights’ which outlined the fact that Black Civil rights were not equal to that of whites. For example, the report highlighted several factors that needed ‘de facto’ change such as the abolition of poll tax and anti-lynching legislation.
In the article, Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme ruled that Louisiana law made it so that blacks and whites were separate but under equal accommodations. This decision justified many of the following actions that were performed by the states and the different local governments. The separation of blacks and whites was a law that was mandatory throughout every state. 2. Following the Civil War, the legislatures of the southern states passed some laws that limited civil rights of each African Americans.
Distressed by this unprecedented upsurge of mass fury, which needed federal troops at some places to establish peace, the then President, Lyndon Johnson, set up an enquiry commission formally known as the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, which later on became more popular as the Kerner Commission, after its chairman, Otto J. Kerner Jr. While ruling out any conspiracy, the commission identified racial discrimination, poverty, high unemployment, poor & inadequate schools, poor health care and sanitation as major contributing factors to the United States’ racial apartheid. The early & selective leakage of this report incited ferocious criticism from the White community. Critics argued, that the report has blamed everyone except the rioters. The opposition was so strong and intense that, Johnson not only declined the request by commission members, but also took additional six months to disseminate its findings to the public at large and put the issue in right perspective, but he himself failed to act upon it.
Research paper: Black Protest Movements of the 1950’s and 1960’s. The black protest movement of 1950’s and 1960’s refers to the social Movements in the United States aimed at outlawing racial Discrimination against black Americans and restoring voting rights to them. This research paper discusses the history of black protest in America leading up to the modern day civil rights Era of the 1960’s In the United States. The Movement was characterized by major Campaigns of civil resistance. Brown v. Board of Education, spring 1951 Was the year in which great turmoil was felt amongst Black students in reference to Virginia State’s educational system.
Sports began to take notice and started its own desegregation as well. A major case came through the courts desegregating schools. The Jim Crowe laws began to fall apart due to Brown v. Board. Schools were obviously not of equal quality which was the basis for segregation to be able to thrive for so long. Violence continued between the races but African American stood their ground.
A second bill was passed in March of 1866 making blacks U.S. citizens, but this effort was soon overturned by Johnson, on the grounds that the bill would’ operate in favor of the colored and against the white race”. Congress passed the Civil Rights Act in March of 1866; this bill did away with the efforts of the black codes, and gave black all the rights of a U.S.
The United States experienced a dramatic shift in the avenue of racial discrimination with the end of the African-American Civil rights movement in the 1960’s and 1970’s. The purposes of these social movements were to arouse national awareness towards racial equality and successfully led to the official and legal recognition of abolishing racial discrimination. Yet like many areas throughout the country, my small rural hometown of Oxford, North Carolina was not quite ready to accept this integration. In May of 1970, Oxford was the stage of the tragic racially inclined murder of Henry ‘Dickie’ Marrow by several white oppressors known as the Teel brothers. This act of violence eventually went on to lead to several continuous retaliatory instances