Understand the factors that influence children and young people’s development and how these affect practice. Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of personal factors If a child was born with a condition or later develops one in life this could affect the child’s development. If the child has an illness such as asthma which affects the child’s breathing, due to this the child might be less likely to play and be active with their friends as their condition may restrict them for doing so. This may mean the child has less understanding of appropriate group interaction. Disabilities in a child can cause a development delay.
3.2 Explain the reasons why children and young people’s development may not follow the expected patterns. There are many reasons why a child’s development not follow the expected pattern including; Disability this may affect a child’s emotional developments for many reasons. A child with a disability whether it is a physical disability or a learning disability may struggle to manage their thoughts and feelings, they may not be able to express those thoughts and feelings and as a result become increasingly frustrated. The child may be unable to form relationships with others in their peer group and may feel isolated and withdrawn. If a child with a disability has emotional developmental delay they may form friendships with children who are much younger than they are which could affect how their same age peers see them.
Children and young people in the care system are more vulnerable,often due to the lack of stability and attachment disorder this can affect their emotional ,social and academic development. 3.3 Explain how disability name affect development. Disability can affect the development of children and young people in a variety of different ways. Physical development may be affected by limited mobility if
this could be a physical or learning disability. Children with learning disabilities may be unable to focus and concentrate for long periods of time. children with physical disabilities may have gross and fine motor and functional skill problems. They may also suffer from an impairment such as deafness or a visual impairment which would impact on their ability to learn and play. Disabilities may affect confidence and challenge social skills.
Difficulty with reading and writing If a child is having problems with reading and writing this could cause concern. This could be recognised, as a child would be at a delayed rate to the rest of his/her peers. This could affect the child’s /young person’s behaviour/social development...Low self esteem and loss of confidence may be a result. With peers of the same being more advanced ridicule and bullying may result Learning to communicate is one of the main skills a child needs to help them develop in all areas. They can quickly fall behind from peers of the same age.
As a result of this it becomes much more important to teach children to learn and value diversity. If children are subjected to prejudice, it can force them into a state of emotional and social tension resulting in lack of self-esteem, self confidence, feeling as though they are not accepted and unworthy. Children who lack confidence and cannot participate in activities with others are more likely to be unable to develop and maintain positive relationships with others. As a result their schoolwork may suffer, they may also become withdrawn and depressed. Prejudice and bigotry are learned at a very young age mainly from parents, other children and other institutions outside of the home environment.
Learning difficulties – children may have these due to genetic diseases, birth difficulties or cognitive difficulties. However, some children may just have difficulties with writing or reading. Communication – medical reasons such as poor hearing, speech difficulties can cause communication problems. Children who have difficulties with their communication find it hard to express themselves and can show aggressive behaviour when frustrated. Children who experience communication needs might have problems with reading and
Disability: The disabled children or young people are more vulnerable compared to others. Because of their vulnerability, the people who abuse, finds it easy to abuse them as they cannot defend themselves easily. There can be many reasons why this factor can lead to abuse. Like, a carer caring for the person who is disabled can get impatient and lash out at the person. Also, if a person (within the family or outside the family of a disabled child or young person) has inappropriate thoughts or sexual addiction, then it might lead to abuse.
TDA 2.1 Child and young person development. 1.2 Different aspects of development can affect one another in a lot of ways, for example if a child has a physical development affect such as a hearing problem (deaf). This would affect their development in many situations, if the child was to be playing in the role play area their intellectual development could be affect as a certain sound will not be heard when other can and learn from this. That can then lead to the language development being affected as the child will not be able to repeat the sound or express their views. Communication with other children may be limited which could affect the child's emotional and social development as the child may feel left out which could leave them feeling sad or even angry within the situation.
Depending on the size of the puzzle (e.g. a large floor puzzle) gross motor skills may be needed. As you can see if a child is lacking or is delayed in one of the above areas of development then it makes it very difficult for them to complete the task. This in turn can lead to further delay in social and or emotional development as they begin to think negatively about themselves, the task, or their peers: even thinking negatively about the adults that have led the task as they may not have helped