Women may also experience psychological changes such as mood changes which could include depression, anxiety or tiredness and also insomnia. Hormones are also another physical aspect which changes as we get older. Hormones which usually change by decreasing as we get older are: ‘Aldosterone, calcitonin, growth hormone and renin. In women, estrogen and prolactin levels usually decrease significantly.’ These then cause older individual’s to experience changes such as additional hair growth on specific areas of their body. (David, C.
Pain or medical illness; Pain can keep you from sleeping well. In addition, many health conditions arthritis, asthma, diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, night time heartburn, menopause, and Alzheimer’s can interfere with sleep. Medications; Seniors tend to take more medications than young people and the combination of drugs, as well as the side effect of individual drugs, can impair or even stimulate wakefulness. Lack of exercise; If you are too sedentary, you may not feel sleepy or feel sleepy all the time. Regular aerobic exercise during the day, at least three hours before bedtime, can promote good sleep.
For a female they will go through menopause while a male's repoductive system occurs more gradually and over a longer period of time. Menopause is caused by a change in the balance of the body's sex hormones and when a female’s ovaries stop releasing eggs and menstrual periods stop. This usually occurs when a women is around the age 50 although it can occur earlier or later. The physical effects of menopause are that as their skin is becoming more elastic their breasts are becoming more elongated and flaccid. Female’s ovaries also stop
ATCH causes the adrenal cortex to enlarge and release cortisol - this can then weaken the immune system. Therefore, if the body receives too much stress, it can result in serious illness. Gerra (2003) investigated the death of a spouse and how it affects the immune system. Individuals who had recently experienced an unexpected bereavement showed lower lymphocyte activity compared to matched non-bereaved controls. This difference was observed 40 days after the death and in some participants, still continued after six months.
“Meth causes the blood vessels to constrict; it cuts off the steady flow of blood to all parts of the body. Heavy usage can weaken and destroy these vessels, causing tissues to become prone to damage and inhibiting the body's ability to repair itself.” (Visible Signs, paragraph 1) A really big appearance change that happens when using this drug is the aging process. The body loses the elasticity and luster that causes you to look young in such a short amount of time. Another really bad thing that can happen to your body with all the Methamphetamine use is the hygiene of the mouth. “The drug causes the salivary glands to dry out, which allows the mouth's acids to eat away at the tooth enamel, causing cavities.” (Meth Mouth, second
Stress- With exercise you can reduce stress, stress can make one gain weight. Alcohol- Alcohol not only is bad for your liver and your general health but is very fattening. Gender- Males have a higher risk of heart disease because of their natural sex hormones make them more prone, women don’t have such fluctuating hormones as men there hormones run on a cycle and are consistent most of their life decreasing their chances. Increasing Age- As you get older your body wears down leaving you more vulnerable, As you get older your body produces less of certain hormones and your metabolism slows down. Heredity- Some people naturally have genetic issues that increases their risk.
According to Chapter 10 in, “Understanding Human Behavior and The Social Environment”, the author states that menopause is caused by a decrease in the production of estrogen and typically begins from the age 36 to 51 years of age (Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman, 2010). Symptoms can range from skipped periods, irregularity of blood flow, and timing of periods becoming further apart. During menopause, women frequently begin to experience hot flashes which can cause insomnia, loss of hair, breast losing firmness and loss of size, gain weight, body contour change, itchiness, headaches, psychological reactions, etc. In comparison to females, male climacteric can range from the ages of 35-60 years of age. According to Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman (2010) it is a time in a man’s life that is termed a midlife crisis.
Going through menopause the female organs changes they start to died. The ovaries get small and no longer produce eggs to be fertilized. The uterus shrinks and hardens. But most women who are going through menopause have few if any disturbing symptoms. I do believe that it really differs from women to women on if they are sexually active at this age.
2006). The ageing persons gait will also change size, for men it will widen and women’s will get narrower, which greatly increases the risk of falls in older females especially. Bone loss is another major problem facing the older adult. As we age loss of bone density and thinning of bone tissue occurs. Martini and Nath (2009) describe this as an age-related loss in
Your skin loses oxygen and minerals, which can cause premature aging. Nicotine also causes your skin, teeth and fingernails to turn yellow. Also, the opposing side may also say that smoking cigarettes relieves stress, but for those who are teenagers smoking cigarettes it causes a lot of depression. They are 15 more times likely than non smokers to get panic attacks. The nicotine constricts the blood vessels which prevents breathing, anxiety attacks are more