Describe the Features of Inclusive Teaching and Learning

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Describe the features of inclusive teaching and learning Inclusive learning is about ensuring learners have the opportunity to be involved and included in the learning process. It’s also about treating all learners equally and fairly, without directly or indirectly excluding anyone. Inclusion is about attitudes as well as behaviour, as learners can be affected by the words or actions of others. I see it as I am not teaching my subject to a group of learners who are all the same, but to a group of individuals with different experiences, abilities and needs which should be recognised and respected. Agreeing individual learning plans (ILPs) and/or action plans can help formalise this. During sessions, I try to include my learners by asking individual questions, taking time to give help and support, using eye contact, using names and encouraging paired and group activities etc. Inclusion involves ensuring that all support systems in the organisation are available to those learners who need it. Ways to promote inclusion include: • ascertaining individual needs, learning preferences and goals • being approachable and accessible, enabling learners to feel comfortable to disclose concerns • challenging stereotyping, discrimination and prejudice as it happens • differentiating activities to address individual differences; for example, different abilities and levels • using resources and materials which positively promote all aspects of community and society, equality and diversity. Carrying out an icebreaker and agreeing ground rules can help the session flow smoothly. If all learners have been involved in these, they might feel more confident to talk in front of others and take part in activities. I also try to use 70% of the time for learner activities and 30% of the time for teaching activities. It’s not all about the teaching, but the learning

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