TDA 2.01 Child and young person development. 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: * Physical development * Communication and intellectual development * Social, emotional and behavioural development The stages of a child’s development can be measured through examining how social, emotional, physical , intellectual and language skills change in milestones throughout their growth. Physical Development At the earliest stages of a child’s development their gross motor skills begin to develop. This is where a baby learns to move and use its arms, legs and feet. This will involve crawling, jumping, and attempting to pick up objects.
Social and Emotional Development:- the development of a child’s image and identity, relationships and of everyday living and social skills. Intellectual/Communication: - the development of a child’s understanding and development of communication with others. Babies begin to develop there physical development within weeks of being born. A baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and the environment around them. By six months a babies muscles will begin to develop, so they will reach out and hold objects in their hands.
By the age of one; they have a lot more control over their bodies. In this stage, they are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pull or push on things to stand. Between 1 and 2 years walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst walking. They enjoy attempting to feed themselves with finger foods. Waving goodbye becomes fun they will begin to point to what they want and shake their head to mean ‘no’.
They first learn to hold their head up, then sit up and finally start to walk. This differs from proximodistal pattern of development because the proximodistal pattern of development is when an infant learns to use the core of their bodies first, and then the other areas. 5. What is development in the context of the life span? During ones life span, they are developing and changing all through out their lives.
1.1 | |motor skills | | age ranges |milestone 1 |milestone 2 | |0-2 months |When the baby is on |Their gross motor skills | | |their stomach they |will be devolving still | | |will be able to ever|however young they are, | | |so slightly cock |these shows with the | | |their head to the |newborns legs will be able| | |side. |to be pulled against | | | |themselves. | |3-5 months |have better control |Be able to prop their arms| | |over their limbs |up when on their chest. | |6-8 months |will be able to hold|Will pull themselves up to| | |on tight to things |sitting whilst lying on | | |especially to the |their backs. | | |parents or | | | |significant | | | |influence fingers | | |9-11 months |will be able to pull|Child will begin to crawl | | |themselves up |and will begin to crawl | | | |more often independently.
Most children will follow the same “pattern of development” but the ages at what they meet them may differ depending on the individual. Milestones of development are given as broad average of when a a child should be expected to reach a particular stage. Physical Development 0-3 Years: This stage is usually very rapid. At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them to feed or grasp whenever they touch something. By age one; they have much more control over their bodies.
CYP 3.1 [1 1.1] Explain the sequence and rate of aspect of development from birth to the age of 19 years. Age | Area of development | Observation | 0 – 2 yrs | Physical | At a young age, babies will have the ability to ‘suckle’ and ‘grasp’, with the ability to hold their heads after a few months. Will be able to turn their heads towards sounds.In the first 12 months of development, most babies will be able to ‘sit up’ without support and will quickly develop the ability to crawl and roll.By the first year, fine motor skills will have been developed, such as holding/grasping small items and exploring items with the index finger. Between the ages of 1 and 2, children will be able to pull themselves up from a seated position.By the age of two/three, children will be able to stand and walk confidently and at the later age of three, be able to walk and run safely. | | Communication | From birth, babies will be able show a sign of communication by ‘crying’ and even ‘smiling’.
0 to 3 years: Physical Development: Rapid development of gross motor skills and fine motor skills leading to crawling and mobility followed by improvement of skills for eye and hand co-ordination. Communication and Intellectual Development: Adult communication with babies should lead to speech and an increase in their vocabulary as well as the successful use of negatives and plurals in their speech patterns. Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development: Children begin to form their individual identities and develop emotional attachments the earliest of which is likely to be with parents and carers. 3 to 7 years: Physical Development: More co-ordinated movements leading to running, kicking and even better eye and hand co-ordination leading to drawing and writing. Communication and Intellectual Development: Children will have the ability to phrase questions and be able to use past and future tense in their communications as well as improvements with writing and numeracy.
THE EXPECTED PATTERN OF CHILDREN BETWEEN BIRTH AND 19 YEARS It is important to learn a child’s way of development and physical growing, by a child’s physical development so they can be supported for their individual needs. Children’s development can be measured by milestones… 0 – 1 YEAR • See fuzzy objects, shapes • Grasp an object • Suck, swallow • Recognise their mothers voice and smell • Cry when hungry, in pain, need changing or simply wanting a cuddle • Being startled by a loud noise. 1 -3 YEARS • Moving about – crawling, shuffling, stand with support • Sit up on their own, feed themselves • Use their hands to skilfully move an object. • Dropping something on the floor and looking where it has gone • Wave hello and goodbye • Point at someone/ something with their fingers • Babbling, or say one word I e mama, dada to communicate • They will know who their parent are, they may cry if left with some one that they don’t know! 3 – 7 YEARS • Run, climb, pedal a tricycle • Walk up stairs • Talk clearly • Tell clearly the difference between a boy/girl • Build a tower of bricks • Undo a button and thread beads • Role play and dress up • Play co – operatively with other children • Like reading books and painting • Copying an adult, help out • Having less tantrums better temper PAGE 1 7 – 12 YEARS • Throw and kick a ball • Ride a bike • Use scissors, build a model • Write clearly • Draw meaningful pictures in detail • Take turns • Make jokes • Dress themselves • Get scared/frightened e.g.
A baby at one month needs plenty of cuddles and physical contact, frequent feeds of milk (day and night), opportunities to sleep and eye contact with smiles and gentle handling. Then, at three months a baby will need opportunities to watch others, their head will still need supporting when they are carried, and, the child will still need to be handled gently and take regular milk feeds. Babies at six months are more mobile and will need times when they can lie on their stomachs and backs with chances to explore toys and objects. We find babies at nine months start to explore these objects with their mouth and hands, and, they tend to use their fingers to feed, therefore needing opportunities to feed themselves. Babies at one year need as much as the same as they do at nine months, although you will find they are able to stand on their own whilst holding onto furniture and will start to interact with a little more understanding, such as waving good bye.