The argument from religious experience states that if we can experience God, then surely God must exist because what we experience must be real. There are many philosophers that try to explain this but the one I am going to focus on in this essay is William James. James defines religious experience as though it should be the primary topic in the study if religion rather than religious institutions, since institutions are merely the social descendent of genius. He also defines a religious experience as, 'The feelings, acts and experiences of individual men in their solitude, so far as they apprehend themselves to stand in relation to whatsoever they may consider divine.’ To James a prominent feature of religious experience is mysticism. He says, '...propose to you four marks which, when an experience has them, may justify us in calling it mystical...' The marks to which he is referring to are inefficiently, notices quality, transiency and passivity.
Critically evaluate Wittgenstein’s language games theory as an approach to religious language. God’s transcendence means there is widespread discussion as to how any statements in regards to his existence or nature can be deemed as ‘meaningful’. Influential philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein 1889 - 1951 was heavily involved in studies of Language and developed the idea that the purpose of philosophy was to clear up the conceptual confusions that arose through our unexamined use of language (including statements of religious significance and any religious language) and that words are a function of language, not just simply a signifying of an object. 'Whereof one cannot speak, therefore one must be silent.' Wittgenstein believed, in opposition to Rene Descartes’ Cogito Ergo Sum (I think, therefore I am) that language was a social product, and that statements made about the world were basic and 'groundless' and believed that judgement through opposing 'language games' was not possible, as they are parts of different discourse.
Justification: By reading the exact doctrines handed to early colonial, students can read and interpret for themselves the interweaving of both political and religious ideas. For example, “Thou shalt grant the King a long life: he shall dwell before God forever (4). The Church of England was a part of the government, which many colonists were fleeing. There are prayers also laid out for the sole purpose of exalting the King of England. It is also important to note that this prayer book was published a mere 20 years before independence.
ENG4U-B Lesson 4, In Paul D’Angelo’s essay, “The step not taken”, the hero goes through the three stages of monomyth archetype, Separation, struggle or initiation, and return and reintegration. In this essay I will try to explain my understanding of how the hero transformed throughout the three stages and the wisdom he was able to gain in his transformation. The hero starts by refusing to help a man and the essay ends with the hero regretting his actions and apologizing to the man. He had to go through these stages and get in touch with his own spiritual side to come to his final point. The separation stage starts when the hero gets a call to an adventure and ends with the hero fully accepting the quest.
Explain the ethical teachings of the Religion you have studied. (25 M) Christianity has multiple teachings and approaches which have been taken to it over time all these teachings and philosophical approaches to Christianity vary as you get situation ethics, natural law, the bible and the church showing different approaches which should be taken to Christianity. Natural law is the first teaching as it is widely used by the Roman Catholic Church as being the correct approach to Christian life; this theory was made by Aristotle but Thomas Aquinas expanded upon the thoughts and made it suit Christianity more. The key teachings of this theory are that everything has a purpose as Aquinas said Man desires happiness, what he believed by this is that we have to fulfil our purpose as humans. He said, in Summa Theologica, "Whatever man desires, he desires it under the aspect of good."
The Christian faith is not centered on prophets, writings of old wise men, or beliefs and practices of a science fiction writer. The Christian faith is centered on Jesus Christ. Jesus embodies truth and is ultimate truth disclosed by God. Jesus is central to Christianity and the focus of missions. Jesus permeates all three levels of our missional foundation: (1) It is he who both calls people to himself and enjoins them to go and make disciples; (2) discipleship and growth, both individual and corporate, come through obeying all that he taught and through teaching others to do likewise; and (3) his example of salt-and-light living inspires Christians to keep their focus Godward as they live likes that cause people to glorify the King of
The secular image of `charismatic' is an over bloated ego but in the world of church is a gifted leader in the Holy Spirit. Another consistent method used throughout the book is comparing leaders of yesterday with today. It appears that the risk takers of yesterday have become the conservative non-risk takers of today - hence the title Leadership next. He continues in chapter two provoking the reader that leadership styles must change. Gibbs covers three areas that are `signs' to the `times' we live in.
Title: Confucius on good government author: James Legge Document 1 S Title: Laozi on living in harmony with Dao author: Lionel Giles Document 2 The speaker is a Daoism and the speaker is trying to tell us that doa governs the world , it followed that human begins should tailor their behavior to is passive and yielding nature. 1 level 3 question for doc 1 • What was the primary cause of the 3 philosophers to discuss this? Speaker After identifying the speaker ask: "What is the point of view of the speaker?" Describe. The speaker is one of confucius followers because they refers him to “his master “ !
When any action is done, it may have a right outcome which leads to happiness or a wrong outcome which produces pain. Therefore, this principle significantly determines the total joy of the world in general. The nature of human beings is governed by two key elements of pain and happiness. All human doings are inspired by the need to have pleasure or prevent pain. The principle of utility also advocates that, the correctness or incorrectness of a deed is dependent on the ability for the action to lead to joy or sadness.
Ethics Essay Ethics Essay 3a) i) examine the arguments for and against the view that morality is independent of religion? ii) To what extent are these arguments convincing I am going to examine the arguments for and against the view that morality is independent on religion, by examining the argument from both sides, then looking at their strengths and weaknesses and then I will conclude with my line of argument. The first argument I am going to examine is for the statement, which is Plato’s Euthyphro. Plato stated that “is something good because God says its good or does God say it is good because it is good”. This means that do we do good things because God says is good or do we do good things so than God says that it is good.