Sigmund Freud was the ﬁrst to challenge the view that mental disorders were caused by physical illness and proposed that psychological factors were responsible for the illness. The psychodynamic approach highlights the importance of the unconscious mind and early childhood experiences. Psychodynamic psychologist’s attempt to deal with the mental health issues of their patients by incorporating these ideas and creating therapies using these ideas. The basic concept behind psychoanalysis is that a patient that suffers from mental health problems such as depression can address any regressed feelings thus, the patient gains insight of and can learn to work through their emotional baggage. It is a generalised concept that if the cause of the symptoms were tackled it would only be logical that the symptoms would then cease.
The development of one’s personality is the focus of his theory. The goal of his person-centered theory was to achieve change in one’s personality on not only the surface but on a deeper level (Farber, 2007). The three core conditions Rogers felt were necessary to achieve change were empathy, unconditional positive regard, and genuineness. According to Rogers’s, his hypothesis for person-centered theory was “when a therapist demonstrates the ‘core conditions’ of unconditional positive regard, empathic understanding, and congruence and when the client perceives these at least to a minimal degree, then psychotherapeutic personality change and its positive correlates are inevitable (Kirschenbaum & Jourdan, 2005, p. 41).” This theory was chosen in analyzing the personality development of Antwone Fisher because it is this learner’s opinion that when working with traumatized individuals, especially those abused in childhood, empathy is the key to helping them. Person-centered theory and Rogers’s core conditions spoke to this learner whose long-term goal is to work with children who have been traumatized and suffer from disrupted attachment patterns.
On the other hand I am going to discuss how learning the person centred approach has affected my personal and work life in a positive way. The first core condition is called congruence; it can also be described as realness or genuineness. ‘it has been found that personal change is facilitated when the psychotherapist is what he is,
Each theory correlates to a specific method of assessment. One theory is the psychodynamic theory. With this theory, the roots of your personality are your unconscious thoughts, feelings, repressed problems from early childhood, and motives. The methods to assess the psychodynamic theory you would use projective tests as well as personal interviews. The next theory is the humanistic theory which is a drive towards personal growth.
Carl Jung therapy for personality that gives an important role to the unconscious which he goes beyond of scientific fact his theory is based upon the mystic world. This is the opposite cognitive behavior theory is based upon the theory of organizing oneself. CBT development started to developed with the behavioral the individual during the year’s 1920 Cognitive Behavior therapy (CBT) have multiple selection the most common one are cognitive therapy, Rational Behavior, multimodal behavior and Behavior therapy. Jung considers that the most motivating personality developments occurred during adulthood. Meichenbaum’s (1977) had state within the learning theory outline clients cognition are clear and understandable behaviors that can be modified in their own rights.
Psychology- as explored through the eyes of Carl Jung and Abraham Maslow When Carl Jung says, “Everything that irritates us about others can lead us to an understanding of ourselves”, he very aptly describes the role that Psychology plays in exploring and examining the processes of the human brain and how that impacts our behaviors and personality. Comparing the theories of Jung and Maslow could take hours since each one had enough to say about what their beliefs were about the human condition. But while Carl Jung focused on how the unconscious affected our personality (Introversion and Extraversion), Abraham Maslow focused on the integration of self (Self-Actualization Theory). Jung believed that there were active centers in the unconscious
Freud’s work is considered important because he showed that childhood experiences and relationships significantly influence the development of personality in later life, (Beaver et al 2002). Freud’s theory was psychoanalysis and he believed that the personality comprised of three parts the Id, the Ego and the Superego. Freud developed a stage theory; these stages are called psychosexual and are linked to the physical pleasures associated with each stage. Freud argued that psychological health as an adult depended on how each of these stages is dealt with, and whether or not optimum gratification is gained from each stage. Freud believed that unsuccessful completion of any of these stages leads to a child becoming fixated
Most of the cases that are studied at the institute are Classical Alderian Depth Psychology, which is what Doctor of Philosophy graduate, Henry T. Stein, studies and made a website based on the studies of Alfred Alder (Stein). Alder believed birth order and personality had a deeper connection that helped guide a person to their path in life. Alder was extremely fascinated in the belief of inner self and how it related to the rest of the person as a whole and stated, “The goal of a person's inner life thus becomes the conductor that pulls all emotions into the stream of psychological existence. This is the root of the unity of the personality and of individuality. Its strength, wherever
Psychiatrist and dream researcher, J. Allan Hobson and Psychiatrist Robert McCarley have done extensive research in to their theory. They state that dreams are merely the by-product of bursts of activity emanating from sub cortical areas in the brain. J. Allan Hobson produced a theory of quantifying mental events and correlating them with quantified brain events which lead to Robert McCarley’s contribution. The two researchers drew upon a theory based on their research, namely the Activation Synthesis theory. And lastly, the two researchers’ dismissal of Sigmund Freud’s theory is examined.
The aim for the idiographic approach is understanding and finding the ways we are unlike anyone else. This approach is exemplified by the humanistic approach with it's holistic views of a person and placing great value on the person, which resulted in the Person Centred Therapy. Freudian psychoanalysis can be said to adopt an idiographic approach also as Freud used the case study method to gain information about his patients. His techniques were