Describe How Discriminatory Practise Can Be Seen in Practise

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Task 2: describe how discrimination can be seen in practise. Prejudice is the prejudging of people or groups of people; this is not based on any evidence or factual knowledge but on ignorance and fear. Discrimination involves a person or persons acting on their prejudices which results in the unfair treatment of an individual or groups of individuals. Discrimination mainly happens on the bases of a person’s sexuality, ethnicity, religion, age, culture, gender, social class, health status and cognitive ability. There are four types of discrimination, the first is individual discrimination. Individual discrimination is the behaviour of one person to another or a group of people, the next is institutional discrimination; this is when discrimination is built into the way the institution is run. Next is overt discrimination, this is when an individual or institution knowingly treats someone unfairly on the bias of race, gender, etc. The last is covert discrimination, this discrimination in subtle, for example applying criteria that people will be unable to meet, this type can be intentional or unintentional. Discrimination can be seen in practise with stereotyping, labelling, disempowering, abusing, bullying, abuse of power, infringements of rights and over-riding individual’s rights. Stereotyping is when assumptions are made about groups based on information relating to a small number of people. In a health and social care setting, this discriminatory practise may be used by discriminating against someone’s disabilities or cognitive ability as they may think just because a person has a disability, that person will need constant surveillance and will never be independent when that is not necessarily true. This may affect the service user by making them feel devalued, marginalised and have low self-esteem and self-efficacy. Feeling devalued comes about when a
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