Many people believe that crimes are committed because people have mental issues, however that is not the case. Based on the research done by criminologists there are numerous theories as to why crimes happen, such as, biological, sociological and psychological. (Michaelson, Peter, January 10, 2012) The idea that there is a biological connection with crime is fairly recent. This idea started getting more attention back in the 19th century. Before, that individuals were believed to have control over their moods and directional approaches.
It also backs up my other sources with the same research results; by removing the sentencing discretion of judges, and replacing it with mandatory jail sentences, we are sending more offenders to prison instead of programs designed to rehabilitate. Information in this article also supports my argument that mandatory laws violate the Constitution. Taking power away from judges is a violation of the 10th amendment “separation of powers.” As a result, our prison population has quadrupled and is filled with the wrong people. Mandatory sentencing applies so broadly that they sweep minor criminals and drug users along with the major ones, “drug kingpins,” who are the real targets of the statutes. Bender, David L. “America’s Prisons Opposing Viewpoints”4thed.Minnesota.
CL theory has been largely criticised as it is very much descriptive based rather than experimental. His theory is also very dated now you would not be able to label someone a criminal purely based on their facial features and how they look. One study carried out by Christiansen (1977) as cited by Van Dusen, Sarnoff and Mednick (1983) is the study of 3586 twin pairs of mono- and dizygotic twins. Monozygotic (MZ) twins are genetically identical whereas dizygotic (DZ) twins are genetically similar. In this study all sets of twins were brought up in the same environment and were examined on the concordance of criminal behaviour.
Desmond LeSure Professor Bolton ENGL 1020 19 April 2012 “Is the Three-Strikes Law fair and ethical?” There are individuals who were known as habitual criminals who constantly repeated the cycle of committing a crime, getting arrested, and eventually getting released. In 1993, Americans noticed that this was very costly to the public because the process of arresting and trying these criminals was expensive. American tax payers were beginning to become concerned with this issue and wanted something to be done about habitual offenders. Society is pushing the issue that it was more logical to keep repeat criminals in jail and not release them to commit more crimes. Politicians listened to society and executed a law that would put an end to
Since the capital punishment is still carry on, many opponents and defenders of the death penalty appeal to the sanctity of life. However, the death penalty is not justified. This is because death penalty is not an effective crime deterrent, executed innocent people and it needs a higher cost to carry on. First of all, some opponents argue that death penalty can help deter crime and protect public. For instance, the criminal will think twice before killing for fear of receive the strongest punishment.
If the only reason to pull someone over depends on his or her race, this causes a discriminatory impact. Police departments begun to review data on stops and change police officers behaviors, arguments and attitudes towards the leading of stereotype based discriminatory treatment. (Racial profiling, 2012) This researcher frowns much upon racial profiling but with surveys conducted every day on who is likely to commit a crime, and what age, and what sex, and what minority group then people tend to lean towards these surveys proving that race is a huge part of crime involvement. In conclusion, criminal profiling works as an investigative tool to help solve crimes. Criminal profiling has come a long way and still needs a lot of improvement.
Though hard to determine rather antisocial behavior and genetic makeup is linked to being inherited, or just a product of a learned behavior; criminologists have tested the effects of inheritance on crime [ (Siegel L. J., 2011) ]. One way that it has been tested is through adoption studies. This study suggests that if a child’s behavior is closely in line with his or her biological parents rather than the adoptive parents; the idea that criminality is genetic can strongly be supported. A study conducted by Barry Hutchings and
Which is the better explanation that elucidates the question: Are criminals born or made? Research has shown that criminal behaviour tends to run in families, it is likely that biological factors play a fundamental role in criminality. In order for psychologists to discover whether criminal behaviour results in the child’s genes or their surrounding environment, they need the information required by adoption studies. For example, if the criminal’s behaviour duplicates that of their adoptive parents then this could lead to the fact that the criminality is present in the environment. Mednick et al.
He believes that the positivist scientific method could be applied to the study of crime so as to find out its causes and prevent it. His particular approach was described as criminal anthropology. He compared the known offenders and a control group of soldiers by the post-mortem measurement and examination. After studying the resulting, Lombroso think that there a correlation between certain physical features, such as an asymmetrical face, large jaws and long arms, and criminality. In his opinion, these physical traits were characteristic of an earlier period of human evolution.
The reasons are complex but easy to understand. My recommendation is that the government should focus more on fighting poverty since its most likely the easiest way to lower crime rates. Why Poverty leads to Crime: Along with the evolution of human beings, the development of crime has been developing. For almost 3000 years we commit crimes and consider certain places or cities a breeding point for criminal activities. But why do we commit crime and why are the crime rates in certain places like Compton, East St. Louis or Detroit so high?