Describe And Compare Two Explanations Of Forgettin

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Describe and Compare two explanations of Forgetting The first explanation of forgetting is the Cue-dependant theory which applies only to long-term memory. Memory depends on Cues available, which are additional pieces of information that help us find the information we need. If we do not have the right cues or if they are absent, we forget. There are two types of cues, Cue-dependant and State-dependant cues. Context-dependant cues are to do with the environments we are in such as sights, sounds, smells and etc. State-dependant cues are mainly to do with our internal feelings for example, mood, emotion, alcohol and etc. We forget things if the context cues are not present and we are not in the same state to recall as the state we try to remember the information. The second theory of forgetting is the Interference theory which is also focused on the long-term memory store. Due to the fact that we store more and more information in the long-term memory store, some of the information becomes confused. There are two types of interference- Proactive and Retroactive. Proactive interference is when old information interferes with new information. On the other hand, Retroactive interference is when new information interference with old information. For example, if you are revising for two similar subjects like sociology and psychology. If you revise for sociology after psychology, and when learning information for psychology stops for remembering the meaning for the same thing in sociology, it is known as Retroactive Interference. Whereas, if your knowledge from sociology interferes with your ability to learn for psychology, it is known as Proactive Interference. Cue-dependant theory states that forgetting occurs if the right cues are not available for memory retrieval, then the information cannot be accessed. Such information is said to be available but not

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