C. Bones of the Knee 1. give strength, stability and flexibility in the knee 2. Tibia a. commonly called the shin bone, runs from the knee to the ankle b. top of the tibia is made of two plateaus and a knuckle-like protuberance called the tibial tubercle c. Attached to the top of the tibia on each side of the tibial plateau are two crescent-shaped shock-absorbing cartilages called menisci which help stabilize the knee 3. Patella a. the kneecap is a flat, triangular bone; the patella moves when the leg moves b. relieve friction between the bones and muscles when the knee is bent or straightened and to protect the knee joint c. kneecap glides along the bottom front surface of the femur between two protuberances called femoral condyles. d. condyles form a groove called the patellofemoral groove 4. Femur a. commonly called the thigh bone; it’s the largest, longest and strongest bone in the body b.
This type of joint is one of six synovial joints called the ball and socket joint. A synovial joint is a freely moveable joint with distinctive features. They all have a smooth cartilage covering the ends of the bones and a double layered capsule which encloses the joint cavity. The outer layer is tough and is used for protection against excessive movement in lots of directions, while the inner layer is used to release synovial fluid to help lubricate the joint during motion. This part of the capsule is known as the synovial membrane.
The distal end of the humerus articulates with the olecranon of the ulna and provides a very stable joint, which only allows for flexion of the arm and no extension. The humerus provides support and structure for the muscles of the upper arm. It is the connection between the scapula joint (shoulder joint) and the radius and ulna joint (elbow joint) and it supports the movement of your arm. It has insertion points for muscles, and it produces blood cells, and minerals like calcium and phosphorous from blood marrow. In terms of structure, the humerus serves as a connection between the scapula and the elbow, where it links to the two lower arm bones.
1. Squat - The benefits of a squat are that is uses all the major muscles in the lower leg, thighs and hips and when performed correctly uses numerous muscles in the upper body to help protect the spine when load is rested on the supper back and/or shoulders. As it uses lots of muscle it is great as a calorie burner to help weight loss and toning, and when progressively heavier loads and greater training volumes are used it is possibly the best exercise for building strength and size in the lower body muscles. - Squats replicate a primary movement pattern that most people use variations of everyday whether its getting in and out of a chair, using the toilet, or picking items off the ground. There is a version of squats available to suit every client – whether its supported bodyweight squats for the beginner or
Introduction Weight training is a common type of strength training for developing the strength and size of skeletal muscles. It uses the force of gravity to oppose the force generated by muscle through concentric or eccentric contraction. Weight training uses a variety of specialized equipment to target specific muscle groups and types of movement. Weight training differs from bodybuilding, Olympic weightlifting, powerlifting, and strongman, which are sports rather than forms of exercise. Weight training, however, is often part of the athlete's training regimen.
Their are many major bones in the body,im going to list the 15 that i believe are the most important ones with a muscle that attaches to it. The femur, located in the thigh area attached by the quadriceps know as the great extensor muscle of the knee. The humerus, located in the shoulder area attached by the deltoids. The calcaneus, located on our bottom half of the leg is attached by the gastrocnemius starts from the knee to the heel. The next bone shouldnt be in the list but im interested in it and how it combines with other bones to form the cranium, the parietal bone located in the right side of the skull and i think theirs no muscle attached to this bone.
The main purpose of the hip joint is to support the body and for locomotion. As such, the hip joint contains many ligaments, muscles, cartilage, tendons and a capsule in order to strengthen the joint and allow friction free movement between bones. Any degeneration of theses can lead to hip weakness. ------------------------------------------------- Clinical Indications The main causes of hip joint degeneration are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and hip fractures and a prosthesis is normally offered when these diseases begin to affect the everyday life of the patient. Figure 2 shows the effect of arthritis on the hip joint.
Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care 1 Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals 1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals The skeleton is the framework of the body; it is made up of the muscular and skeletal systems. The skeleton provides protection for the body’s major organs and also allows the body to be moved and positioned. Without a skeleton the body would just collapse. Muscles work like levers allowing the bones at a joint to work like hinges. When a muscle contacts it pulls the bone in the direction it is designed to move, when somebody has reduced mobility muscles are more flaccid making it more difficult and slower to move.
t 4222-232 (HSC2028) Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care Outcome 1. It is important that you understand the related anatomy and physiology. Understanding the basic anatomy and physiology can help reduce the risk of harm to yourself and others when undertaking moving and handling procedures. Muscles work like levers and allow the bones at a joint to work like hinges. Muscles pull and move the bones at particular joints, this makes the joint move and therefore the body move.
ACL or PCL injuries. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) are located in your knees. The ACL prevents your tibia from sliding forward while your PCL prevents it from sliding backward in reference to your femoral bone. Your ACL and PCL are important to stabilize your knees and support your weight and movement. Injuries to the ACL and PCL usually happen when playing sports or doing exercises that require an agile change in direction.