People that influence you, you tend to look up to them and listen to what they have to say and what they do. This would mean you are trying to copy the way they are. You would copy their behaviour and the way they do things and you may copy certain things about them that you never had before. The behaviourist approach is when they learn through punishment and positive reinforcement. If they do something wrong then they get punished for it and get told to do the right thing which will make them learn and remember the right behaviour.
Bandura believed that humans are able to learn through modeling. Modeling is an observational behavior and it is not purely imitation (Berger, 2011). Modeling allows children especially, to acquire new responses through observing others' behavior. A social model can be a parent, sibling, friend, or teacher, but particularly in childhood a model is someone of authority or higher status. The interaction of nature and nurture is clearly described in social learning theories.
This paper will assess the relevance of any three key ideas of social learning theory to teaching and learning which are observational learning, imitation, and modeling 1. Observational Learning According to Bandura (1997) social learning theory is the learning process whereby people retain behavior patterns from observing others, and the person is enabled to pass on these patterns of behaviour to others. This theory emphasizes on the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. He states that learning would be exceedingly difficult and hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling; from observing others, one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for future actions.
C. Define the major principles associated within this theory as they relate to the psychology of learning. D. Summarize how this theory makes use of prior experience in explaining how people learn E. Describe how this theory explains how permanent change in behavior takes place. F. Apply this theory to
Constructivism is an approach to teaching and learning based on that cognition is the result of “mental construction”. Students learn by new information together with what they all ready know. They believe that learning is affected by the context in which an idea is taught, as well as by students’ beliefs and attitudes. There is one other similarity between Piaget and Vygotsky; they both believe that the boundaries of cognitive growth were established by influences from society. First and foremost, Piaget believed that intelligence came from action.
Operant conditioning is based on the research that skinner carried out. Operant conditioning is when an individual is directly rewarded in some way, so they repeat this behaviour. If they are punished for behaviour, then they would be less likely to repeat it. All individuals are aware that their behaviours lead to a consequence. SOCIAL LEARNING Social learning believes that we learn our behaviour from the people around us.
In Cognitive learning individuals learn by listening, watching, touching, reading, and others actions. Cognitive learning focuses on how each of these components is affected by morals and the surrounding environment. According to the cognitive theory, it is very important to change a person’s thoughts and beliefs in order to change his or her behavior. Social learning theory is considered to be the direct link between behaviorist and social cognitive learning. Therefore; there are two important components of cognitive learning and they are social cognitive and cognitive behaviorism.
Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) - Started as the Social Learning Theory (SLT) in the 1960s by Albert Bandura. - It states that learning occurs in a social context with a dynamic and reciprocal interaction of the person, environment, and behavior - People learn through observing other people’s behavior, attitudes, and outcomes of those behaviors. “Most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others, one forms and idea of how new behaviors are performed and on later occasions serve as a guide action” – Bandura *Reciprocal Determinism - Is the central concept of SCT. - 3 Factors: * the environment * the individual and, * the behavior itself. Essentially, Bandura believes that an individual's behavior influences and is influenced by both the social world and personal characteristics.
Bandura holds that behavior is learnt through observational learning process from the environment. Children observe the individuals around them behaving in certain ways. The paper, therefore, focuses on explaining what social learning theory is in detail through looking at its implications on children. In this theory, people that are being observed are known as models. In all societies, children are surrounded by a variety of influential objects including guardians or parents in the family, friends in their peer groups, teachers at schools and religious institutions, and characters on television (Akers, 2009).
The social cognitive model is one that is places emphasis on explaining how the individual’s personal behaviors and beliefs are influenced by the individuals learning environment (Schunk & Zimmerman, 1997). In the findings of Schunk and Zimmerman (1997), individuals who are learning are active participants and these individuals can gain control of their learning experiences throughout various ways. This can include finding a work environment that is productive