Depression in Scandinavia Essay

770 WordsFeb 27, 20134 Pages
Depression is a common disorder in all Scandinavian countries (Olsen, 2004). Depression may be clinically subdivided into unipolar and bipolar disorders; the latter being less frequent. Major depression is normally characterized by low mood, low self-esteem, lack of will and interest. Various depressive disorders have been demonstrated to have almost no prevalence as to the gender of patients (Olsen, 2004; Kessing, 2005), though the opposite has also been observed in other studies showing women to men ratio up to 2x1 in bipolar and major depression disorders (Christensen, 2001; Christensen, 2003). These differences may be a factor of condition or stage of disorder, as well as of presence or absence of cormobid medical diseases. On average, women were shown to have longer rehabilitation (hospitalization) time than men (Kessing, 2004). Lack of light, sun and relatively long winter (which can also be extremely cold in Finland) have been shown to negatively affect mood, and lead to depression. Alcohol consumption is quite high in Scandinavia (especially in Finland), and regular alcohol intake has been demonstrated to positively correlate with depression (Tozun, 2011). Moreover, due to Scandinavian social structure, wealth is well-distributed but it is very hard to get income over certain average level due to a very high level of taxation. Furthermore, due to social norms and local mentality, Scandinavian people (even though free in their nature, self-expression and self-realization), may be quite under pressure due to social constraints. Additionally, Scandinavian people seem to be aware of the impact of one individual onto their environment, and that realization often creates over-cautious or conflictavoiding behaviour, and this moderation of one's feelings and emotions also may significantly lower mood. Due to developed gender equality and feminist ideas in the modern

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