The mentally ill are more different than us than we can imagine and more like us than we care to admit.” (Valentine, 2011) This quote paints a poignant and provocative picture of Abnormal Psychology. Its eloquent phrasing leads us to look at the concept of abnormality through multifaceted lenses exposing the fine line that defines normal and abnormal. In the fairly young science of Abnormal psychology we are asked to consider thoughts, feelings, and behaviors as viable ways to determine the mental wellness of an individual. It is through the understanding of the past that we may move
Discuss the function of research in a chosen area of interests Is there link between dementia and depression? In this task I'm going to analyse the link between depression and dementia, what impact have it on peoples lives such as quality of life and what is the function of research in this area. As a researchers work to reveal background of dementia disease the most interesting area of research is depression and its connection to dementia. People who have significant depression are more likely to develop depression further in life as well people with dementia who suffer from depression. If it’s left untreated it makes them even more confused and forgetful which affect quality of of life even more.The research in this particularly
Schizophrenia is a mental illness which is characterised by both positive symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations and disordered thinking, and negative symptoms such as a loss of normal emotional responses, speech and motivation. There are a range of treatments from biological to psychological treatments such as chemotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Antipsychotics were originally developed to calm patients facing surgery, and they proved highly effective in reducing the incidence of death from surgical shock. Chlorpromazine and related phenothiazines were soon used in psychiatric patients, starting in the early 1950s. They revolutionised psychiatry by allowing the most disturbed schizophrenic patients live outside a psychiatric hospital, or reduce their average length of stay.
B. According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, depression is defined as a state of feeling sad : dejection (2) : a psychoneurotic or psychotic disorder marked especially by sadness, inactivity, difficulty in thinking and concentration, and sometimes suicidal tendencies (Transition) Now that I have told you about what depression is, let me inform you about the symptoms of depression. III. There are many symptoms of depression a few of these are: A. Depression is more than just the normal temporary feelings of sadness. It has other factors that healthcare professionals can help you with.
Numerous professionals within the team are trained in CBT, and use CBT to treat a wide range of issues including self-harm; this is where my interest derives. Through involvement it proved CBT to be efficacious in treating depression and problem solving ability among others thus I have decided to research further into the effectiveness of CBT in the treatment of self-harm. Through research it is evident that self-harming behaviour is frequent among adolescents and young adults and these behaviours are not only challenging on their own but are major risk factors for future suicide (Robinson et al, 2011). “Deliberate self-harm among young people is an important focus of policy and practice internationally. Nonetheless, there is little reliable comparative international information on its extent or characteristics” (Madge et al, 2008:667).
Discuss the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy as a treatment for depression. In the UK alone, depression affects 8.8% of the population. (Foroushani, P.S., Schneider, J., Assareh, N. 2011) This means that there is a constant requirement for an effective method of treating depression. One favoured method is cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). CBT aims to set goals over a series of therapy sessions in order to encourage positive physical and mental behaviour.
Treatment for these two disorders include; hypnosis, cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, buddy system, and self-help. Sometimes, people diagnosed that sought for help, can be prescribed medication which would eventually make a major impact on their health. This medication is called Fluoxetine, which is used to treat depressive disorder, bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa and more. Many people think that because they are different disorders, they are totally different from each other. However, bulimia and anorexia are alike, which most people don’t know.
Topic Three: Abnormal Psychology Critically discuss the problems involved with studying the effects of stressful life events on depression Each research method has its own particular strength and weakness in helping us to understand the nature and causes of abnormal behaviour, specifically, the effects of stressful life events on depression. Because of the personal nature of studying the effects of stressful life events on depression, a series of problems which “compromise our ability to make clear causal inferences about the effects of life events on first onset of major depression” (Kessler 1997) have been observed. These problems relate to both quantitative and qualitative methods of study. The quantitative data method describe, for example, longitudinal and cross sectional surveys while qualitative methods interpret, using, for example, group discussions, in-depth interviews and case studies. The following paper will critically discuss examples of both quantitative and qualitative methods and their positive and negative features which create problems for researchers studying the effects of stressful life events.
Background Stress in nursing is problematic as it affects the quality of patient’s care and, the impact of nurse’s burnout could be serious. A review from Griffiths and Mimura (2003) presented several researches on strategies, like, education, role playing, nursing method...; it claimed cognitive strategy was the effective one among the others on approaching stress in nursing. In fact, the data could not possibility reflect such result. The source of invalidation could be unveiled from Griffiths and Mimura (2003) cited Crockett and Lee (1994), the research of cognitive techniques study only conducted for two weeks of 12 hours in total. Despite the conclusion was rated as effective or, the result of the statistical test was scored as significant; within this brief timing, the effectiveness or accuracy is questionable.