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The New York Times, May 28, 2010. http://http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/01/opinion/01torrey.html. (accessed June 7, 2010) (Torrey E F 1997 Out of the Shadows: Confronting America's Mental Illness Crisis)Torrey, E. F. (1997). Out of the Shadows: Confronting America's Mental Illness Crisis. New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc. Williams, Erin. 2004.
Leshner states, “As with many other brain diseases, addiction has embedded behavioral and social-context aspects that are important parts of the disorder itself” (Leshner). Recognizing addiction as a mental illness can help reduce the health and social costs that are directly related to treating addiction. Research has exposed that drug abuse is a severe health issue, as well as a social issue. Addicts become so obsessed with consuming the substance it causes their immune systems to shut down and causes the addict to be incapable of functioning properly in a social setting. Addiction has severe negative consequences affecting the addict’s mental and physical well being.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved December 4, 2011, from http://www.cdc.gov Stedman, T. L. (2010). Stedman's medical dictionary (27th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Metcalf, T., & Metcalf, G. (2008).