The country was growing quickly, but that growth was primarily based on what advantages were most available in each location. In all of the criteria mentioned above, few states were as likely to enjoy significant status and success as Ohio. On one level, ore was plentiful, and mining was destined to become a massive industry in this entire region of the Northeast, away from the coast and bordering the Appalachian Mountains. Then, the Ohio River, created by the joining of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers, provides excellent transportation of goods to East and West by water, which was largely responsible for the wealth of Pittsburgh's steel trade for centuries. As for being a focal point, the state of Ohio was and remains perfectly situated between the great urban centers of Chicago and New York, and was a central source of building materials as the two cities competed in expansion in the 19th century.
How Violent Was the Old West? As the nineteenth century pressed onward the United states was granted a wealth of opportunity on the Western frontier. The mining of gold and silver caused the population in the west to explode in the mid 1800’s. However, with the start of the Civil War, expansion to the west seemed to stall. The focus of the nation shifted from the West to the South.
This replaced the older image of miners in the 1800’s scooping out handfuls of gold with little effort. Its emotional appeal seems to lie in its ability to deliver on a promise of “success, warmth, sunshine and beauty, health and long life, freedom …” (pg 23). From early times, California was seen as a Mecca of sorts for people from the snow-bound East and Midwest. One Midwestern newcomer wrote in the 30’s “I’d get letters from friends that had settled here … I’d hear about the orange groves and palms … sunny days and cool nights and how the only snow you saw was miles off in the mountains – well I was sick of the prairie landscape and stoking the fire all winter and frying all summer and the first chance I got, I boarded a train to find out if this country came up to brag.” (pg 23). This man was one of millions of people who almost literally saw California as a separate country, one that could put an end to whatever it was that troubled them.
James Esmond made Victoria’s first official discovery of gold in June 1851. Population rise, the population of Melbourne grew quickly as there were more and more discoveries of gold. The total number of people in Victoria also rose. By 1851 there were 75,000 people, by the end of 1852, 90,000 people and ten years later there was over 500,000 people. In the early years of the gold rush, NSW and Victoria were the gold attracting places in Australia and attracted a lot of diggers.
The Gold Rush started at Sutter's Mill, near Coloma. California Gold Rush was during 1848–49 in the Sierra Nevada, which attracted tens of thousands people, especially young men from Latin America, Europe, South Africa and Asia. No part of California would be the same after the gold rush. Throughout the gold rush, people moving to California from abroad have added to the size of the native population and have greatly impacted the state’s technology, agriculture, geographic and economic structure. The sudden diversity in California gave people both acceptable and unacceptable effects in terms of opportunity, development, racism and human right.
Growth in commerce on the reservation promises to make the Navajo one of the wealthiest tribes in the country, but it does not seem that way. Like the other Athapascan-speaking people in the southwest, the Apaches, they arrived later than most tribes in the region. Archaeological evidence indicates that the Navajos migrated from the north about A.D. 1025 and the earliest Apache bands arrived about A.D. 825.The Navajo Indians are the largest federally recognized Native American Indian tribe in the United States. Their reservation is spread out through out the four corners of Arizona, New Mexico, Utah and Colorado. The Navajo use the name Dine because it refers to a term from the Navajo language that means people.
Germany unifies under Prussia instead of Austria because 1) Economically powerful 2) Politically Progressive/ Competent political leadership 3) Militarily Advanced Economically powerful: -1818: Prussia formed Zollverein * Customs union that dropped internal tariffs Austria did not abolish internal tariffs until 1829 * Stimulated trade * By 1854 all German states except Austria had joined * Austria is excluded * Caused Prussian economy to boom/strengthen * Industrialization: booming steel production (ex. Krupp factory) * Prussia’s population had increased by 87% and was double Austria’s pop. more manual labor, more workers for factories * Created closer ties with Prussia and the German states * Enriched Prussia and encouraged development of infrastructure with Prussia and other states (ex. Railroads) Austria remained agrarian Prussia’s debt= 11% and Austrian debt= 26% * From putting down revolutions in 1830 and 1848 in Italian States and being defeated in Austro- Italian War, Austria had much larger debts! Analysis: * Other German states look to Austria as an economic leader * Helped to support military in time ($$$) * Industrial base to create weaponry (triumph in war over Austria 1866) Politically Progressive/ Superior Leadership: * Prussia: embraces reforms of Napoleon; Changes in Prussia from 1806-1813: * Scharmhorst and Gneisenau recognize army to allow non-nobles (similar to Napoleon’s ‘Careers Open to Talent’) * Landwehr created= citizens army * Von Humbold creates a new education system separate from church * After revolution in Berlin in 1848, King Frederick William IV of Prussia granted his people a constitution: * Constitution of 1850= progressive (constitutional monarchy) * Two house legislature * 1) House of
Good Year Case Study – IDECIDE approach Aku5299@gmail.com INTRODUCTION OF THE COMPANY Looking back, the founding of The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company in 1898 seems especially remarkable, for the beginning was anything but auspicious. The 38-year-old founder, Frank A. Seiberling, purchased the company’s first plant with a $3,500 down payment -- using money he borrowed from a brother-in-law Lucius C. Miles. The rubber and cotton that were the lifeblood of the industry had to be transported from halfway around the world, to a landlocked town that had only limited rail transportation. Even the man the company’s name memorialized, Charles Goodyear, had died penniless 30 years earlier despite his discovery of vulcanization after a long and courageous search. Yet the timing couldn't have been better.
Andean Builders By the time Spanish arrived at the South America, indigenous people were organized in large empires and built large cities, greater than anything Europeans have ever seen before. Unfortunately, blinded by the shining gold, Spanish conquistadors did not see the glory and monumentality of Inca engineering. The largest empire in the New World stayed firm in Andean Mountains and united neighboring communities since its founding around 1200 for more than 300 years. Inca people somehow managed to keep large population and build beautiful cities and fortresses in this harsh area. Elevated thousands of feet above the sea level, dotted with steep mountain peaks, carved with deep valleys and covered in thick vegetation, Andean territories seamed to be the worst place to build even if often earthquakes were not taken to account.
The northern half of the country was an industrialized society focused on the development of large factories to produce goods at mass quantities. On the other hand southern society was based on labor intensive farming a few crop, the best money maker being Cotton, King Cotton. With slavery, a source of free labor, there was no need to build factories, therefore retarding the industrial growth of the South. An industrialized society and the development of the railroad system came hand in hand. Factories were a must to build the locomotives and the steel rails used in the building of railroads.