Density Lab Essay

2954 Words12 Pages
ABSTRACT In the “Density, Accuracy, Precision and Graphing” experiment, the purpose was to determine the density of water and the concentration of a saline solution as well as to compare the accuracy and precision of a graduated cylinder and a graduated pipet. Based on the instructions of the lab manual, Fundamentals of Chemistry, the experiment was performed in three parts, Part A: Density of Water-The density of water was calculated by measuring the mass of three different volumes: 10mL, 30mL and 50mL. Part B: Accuracy and Precision was performed using a 100mL beaker, 10mL graduated pipet and deionized water. The experiment was performed three times; each time, 10mL of water was added to the beaker and recalculated. Part C: Density of Sodium Chloride (NaCl) Solution, a sample of NaCl was obtained and measured using a 100mL beaker and a 10mL pipet to determine the concentration of the solution. In order to obtain the appropriate result, a calibration graph and density measurement was used to determine the concentration of the sodium chloride solution. In conclusion, based on the water temperature of 21.8°C in part A’s graduated cylinder experiment obtained, it was determined that the average density was .0973g/mL with a percentage error of 2.5%. When graphed the measurement was equal to Y=0.988x. Part B: The graduated pipet’s average density at 22.3 °C was determined to be 0.9785g/mL with a percentage error of 1.89% shows the graduated pipet to be more accurate and precise. Part C: Density of an unknown NaCl solution was measured and a calibration curve used to determine the percentage of NaCl by mass in the solution. y=0.007x + 0.998 which concluded that the concentration of the sodium chloride solution was 3.14%. INTRODUCTION Anything that you can see, touch, taste or smell, occupies space and has mass, it is called matter. Matter can be a gas, a liquid,
Open Document